Creating a SIOP Lesson
By Caroline Grauberger
How I will activate students’ prior knowledge and build background
Working with primary students, as a teacher you reach more students when you use a topic that is familiar to them. In the lesson preparation video, Vogt (n.d) discusses that teachers need to try to find anything they can connect with. Teachers can make connections from previous lessons by showing examples such as a map, book, or transparency. Teaching thematic units is a great way to cover many standards. I always start the school year teaching seasons. Since we start the school year in summer and Vegas students know about summer, I always start with that season. I read books, make summer crafts, learn summer vocabulary, and write stories about summer.
What connection to past learning can you make?
The teacher must build a bridge between previous lessons and concepts and the material in the current lesson. Echevarria, Vogt, and Short (2013) Using a a topic students connect with and enjoyed learning, makes reviewing or connecting the topic that much easier. With seasons I was able to review seasons we had already learned. When a book discussed a season I would stop and remind the class that we learned that before. I would also show my students my excitement by expressing how I felt about knowing something already."Do you remember when we learned about the life cycle of the apple tree?" I love when my students tell me "I remember learning that in first grade." By preserving and referring to word banks, outlines, charts, maps, and graphic organizers, teachers have tools for helping students make critical connections. Echevarria, Vogt, and Short (2013) Visual word walls can really help an ELL student. I would add words to my word wall with pictures so the words would be easy to find. I also made several large circle maps and kept them up all year round so students could use it in their writing.
What are key vocabulary words and how will you teach them?
Key vocabulary are selected words that are critical for understanding the text or material and provide a variety of ways for students to learn, remember, and use those words.Echevarria, Vogt, and Short (2013) In the video Vogt (n.d) discusses that a teacher should teach vocabulary many times, many ways. I agree with that statement. I like to use vocabulary in reading, making circle maps with our new words, defining the words, making sentences with the words, and encouraging them to use the words in their writing journals. The more they hear and see the words, the easier it will be for them to learn and retain the information.