Aushwitz Research

B: Sydney Saxton

Aushwitz 1

  • Said to be the most effective camp.
  • Built in 1939 in Oswiecim, Poland.
  • The main goal of this camp was the extermination and elimination of all the prisoners.
  • 40 square kilometers with 5 more for isolation. The 28 buildings were split into 3 sections: Auschwitz 1, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Auschwitz-Monowitz.
  • They put "Arbeit Macht Frei" on the gates so the prisoners would think if they worked they would get freedom but that was not the case. The only was out was through death.
  • This was the main base that had the first crematorium and gas chamber and the group gallows.
  • This section also had the "death block" where they held all the criminals of the camp. Here, they had all the "court rooms" where they were tortured into confessions and sentenced to death. Outsider this was the "firing wall" where they lined them up and shot them.
  • They were surrounded by double wired barb wire electric fences and 9 guard towers.
  • Roman Polanski and Curt Lowens are a few of the survivors from this camp.

Daily Routine

  • When they get up, up to 2,200 prisoners have to share a bathroom with 100 holes in wood for toilets, no privacy, dirty water to wash with and no clean clothes for weeks. They could only use the toilet for 10 seconds and it was 10 people per bed.
  • They then make their beds and go outside. For roll call they stand in lines for hours, in any weather, while the guards call out everyone's names. The weak die in the middle of the roll call.
  • They eat watery soup, a piece of bread and coffee before starting their work.
  • After breakfast, they had another roll call before being escorted to their work locations. They worked for 11 to 12 hours a day.
  • They were given soup at lunch that had a quart of water and a few carrots.
  • They had another 4 hour roll call at night.
  • Prisoners slept on their belongings so no one would steal them and some often woke up to their bed mate dead.

Aushwitz-Birkenau

  • Built in 1942, to make room for more prisoners.
  • up to 200,000 prisoners lived in this section. There were 250 barracks meant for horses made and are meant to hold 52 horses but they fit 800-1,000 people i each barrack.
  • They created women barracks where 15,000 working women slept.
  • Conditions were way worse than in Auschwitz 1. They had no running water or sanitary equipment so there was rapid spread of diseases. insects infested the living and working quarters.
  • Gas chambers 2-5 were in this section.
  • The smell of burning flesh and hair reminded the prisoners that they could be sent there at any moment.
  • This section had the "experimental block" where they did medical experiments on the prisoners, storage area for the personal items of the dead prisoners and was surrounded by tall buildings with armed guards.
  • Meyer Gottlieb and Branko Lustig are some survivors form this camp.