Discrimination and Scapegoating

Sam Tighe & Nick Gallo

What is Prejudice?

Prejudice is a predetermined feeling of a race of people, before actually getting to know and individual. it is an unjustifiable view about a race of people.This includes stereotyping, negative thoughts, and the preconceived notion to discriminate. Prejudice is considered a psychological because it is thinking of discrimination and not the action of of doing it.

(Thinking about psychology) (Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst)

(The above picture: http://blog.lib.umn.edu/nich0185/myblog2/antilatino.jpg)

What is a stereotype?

A stereotype is a general belief about the way a certain group of people live their lives. These beliefs are not backed up with any facts because they are just personal views.

(Thinking about psychology) (Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst)

(The above picture: http://devonsmith1.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/20111215-world-stereotype.jpg)

What is discrimination?

Taking action against a group of people based on stereotypical beliefs and prejudice. This is usually due to race, ethnic background, gender, and religion. this is a societal problem instead of bio or psycho because it is actually taking the action of discrimination against certain people in society.

(Thinking about psychology) (Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst)

(The above picture http://blog.ericharmatz.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/segregated-water-fountains.jpg)

Jane Elliott - Brown Eyes vs. Blue Eyes

What is Scapegoating?

Scapegoating is the practice of singling out any party for blame as a scapegoat. Scapegoating may be conducted by individuals against individuals, individuals against groups, groups against individuals, and groups against groups .

A scapegoat may be an adult, sibling, child, employee, peer, ethnic or religious group, or country.

Scapegoating is a societal and biological problem because certain groups do not want to take blame and that is due to the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, this controls the part of your brain that makes you feel shame. When you feel shame, you want to relieve hat feeling on others.

(Thinking about psychology) (Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst)

(The above picture: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-ZAj0A7tyBP0/Ty1LVKoBqOI/AAAAAAAABYk/PAQK2_DEwdY/s1600/scapegoat.jpg)

In-group Out-group

In sociology and social psychology, an in-group is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member. By contrast, an out-group is a social group to which an individual does not identify. For example, people may find it psychologically meaningful to view themselves according to their race, culture, gender or religion. It has been found that the psychological membership of social groups and categories is associated with a wide variety of phenomena.

Discrimination and Stereotype occur in these setting because of favoritism. Kids in the in-group favor their own kind more heavily and start to reject the out-group. This is called in-group bias. this is what creates the terms like Jock, Skaters, Goths, and Gangsters. Everyone wants to be part of their own group so this causes certain identities to be established. This is where prejudice is created because people of a specific group are looked at a specific way. This is a social reaction because of the way different people react with each other.

(Thinking about psychology) (Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst)

(The above picture: http://dangerousintersection.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/outgroup-300x225.jpg)