The Taiga

Taiga plant adaptations.


  • many trees are evergreen so that plants can photosynthesize right away when temperatures rise
  • many trees have needle-like leaves which shape loses less water and sheds snow more easily than broad leaves
  • waxy coating on needles prevent evaporation
  • needles are dark in color allowing more solar heat to be absorbed
  • many trees have branches that droop downward to help shed excess snow to keep the branches from breaking

Winter is Very Cold and Summer is Very Hot

Ground and Rain

The taiga receives about 20 inches of precipitation per year. The soil is acidic and mineral-poor. It is covered by a deep layer of partially-decomposed conifer needles.

Most Trees are Evergreens

Facts about Birds in Taiga

Many insect eating birds come to the taiga to breed. They leave when the breeding season is over. Seed eaters like finches and sparrows, and omnivorous birds like crows stay all year long.