The Boxer Rebellion

Boxer rebellion

Beginning of 1800's

In the beginning in the 1800’s, groups of peasants in northern China started to band together into a secret society known as I-ho ch’uan, also called the “Boxers”. Members of the secret society practiced boxing and calisthenic rituals. At the start, the boxers wanted to destroy the ch’ing dynasty. The ch’ing dynasty was ruled by China for over 250 years.

19th and 20th century

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the U.S. pursued an aggressive policy of expansionism, extending its political and economic influence around the world.

After temporarily ending the problems of Reconstruction and Industrialization, Americans began to resume the course of expansion.


Trading


American ships was very active in the pacific. The New England whaling fleets scoured the ocean in search of their prey. The China trade had been enriching Yankee merchants since 1784. Japan, how ever had effectively closed its doors to outsiders, and it restricted foreign ships to a small part of Nagasaki.

The Ships

Kayama scowled. Through a telescope he studied the ships, which were well beyond the rage of his small shore batteries. The ship bristled with cannon much more formidable than his own. Identical flags flapped at the stern of each vessel, red and white stripes. With the white stars on a patch of blue. Kayama barked out an order. A samurai ran forward and dropped to one knee. The daimyo instructed the Samurai to ride to the castle of Abe Masahiro, and to inform the shogun that a barbarian fleet blocked the mouth.

They were all very decorated with flags and banners. They were propelled by from ten to twenty oars each generally two or three men at each oar. Not any of the boats were permitted to come alongside the Flagship.

History Brief: The Boxer Rebellion and Open Door Policy