4B Post Assessment
Asch (Line Experiment)
Example: (For my group, I chose a school club I'm involved in, Beta Club.) One event we complete for Beta Club is that we collect items for Easter Baskets for a local nursing home, then deliver the baskets. All member must participate in some way. This year I stayed after school to help fill the baskets. There were two days offered to do this, and I was unable to stay the first day, so I went the second day. Because Beta Club events are not always organized in the best way possible, most of the baskets were already completed and there wasn't much left to do. At least a little over half of the students there saw that some people were standing idly by and decided to do so themselves at some point. Although the idle students were not purposely seeing whether the others would conform, this was the best example I could come up with.
Zimbardo (Prison Experiment)
Example: In Beta Club, second-year members are assigned a 'Beta Buddy', a first-year member that they are supposed to 'teach the ropes' to. Often, second-year members either avoid working with their Beta Buddy altogether or they make them do everything. While it isn't as traumatic as the events of the prison experiment, it isn't nessecarily right to do this either.
Milgram (Obedience Experiment)
Example: While this has never happened to my knowledge, if a younger member of the Beta Club was told by an older member to mark them present at a mandatory meeting they didn't attend, it could be a similar situation to this experiment, although an older member holds less authority than someone's boss has over them.
Example: Once inducted to Beta Club, we are advised to maintain a certain code of behavior so that other students in the school may look to us as role models. This could be an instance of 'positive' conformity, because the behavioral adjustment is for the better.
Example: In Beta Club, the commanding teacher, Mrs. Hedrick, is the main authority, and we also have officers, such as Beta Club President and Secretary, who hold some authority.
Example: When members get loud during an important meeting, Mrs. Hedrick tells us all to stop talking, and the majority of us obey her directions.
Fundamental Attribution Error
Example: During the time when we were supposed to be filling the Easter Baskets, Mrs. Hedrick got mad at idle students. She probably assumed that they were just being lazy, but in reality, there wasn't much to do and there were so many people that it was hard to get to where the baskets and supplies were.
Example: Many people in Beta Club like to take credit for their small part when Beta Club events go well, but like to blame Mrs. Hedrick and other adult organizers when they don't go well.
Example: Last year I helped with delivering the Easter Baskets to the nursing home, and my group had to walk around the building. We became bored with just walking around with the baskets in our hands, so we started skipping through the halls. We didn't get hurt or get in trouble, but we probably did make ourselves look foolish. This is a very lighthearted example of group think.
Example: When people are standing around and then begin talking about what needs to be done, they often go do what they discovered needed to be done. This can be considered group polarization. Their attitudes change from 'I'm not doing that' to 'Let's get it done'.