By: Paul Domingo

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a reading disorder that is associated with impairment of the ability to interpret spacial relationships or to integrate auditory and visual information. To simplify, it basically means that a person who has this genetic disorder has a difficult time with reading words whether it is words from road signs, food labels, comic books, or anything that has to do with visually looking at words. Not only reading, but people with dyslexia also has a problem with both spelling and writing.
  • Above are few variations of the word "teapot" written by dyslexics.

What are the Symptoms of Dyslexia?

Dyslexia has many common symptoms, such as these five:

  1. the individual appears highly intelligent, bright, and articulate although they are not able to read, write, or spell at grade level
  2. identified as lazy, immature, careless, dumb, has behavior issues, and has the attitude of not trying hard enough
  3. High in HQ, yet may not test well academically; tests well orally, but not written
  4. feels dumb; has low self esteem; covers up or hides weaknesses with ingenious compensatory strategies; easily frustrated and emotional about school reading or testing
  5. talented in art, drama, music, sports, story-telling, sales, business, mechanics, designing, building, or engineering

How is Dyslexia Diagnosed?

Dyslexia is a complex disorder to diagnose. There are many factors the psychologist or other health professional reviews to diagnose dyslexia. The testing determine's the child's functional reading level and compares it to reading potential, which is evaluated by an intelligence test.

Treatments for Dyslexia

Treatments for this genetic disorder consists of using educational tools to enhance the ability to read. Medicines and counseling are usually not used to treat dyslexia. An important part of treatment is educating yourself about the condition. The earlier dyslexia is recognized and addressed, the better. Starting treatment when a child is young can improve reading and may even prevent reading problems in the first years of school. Although reading will likely not ever be easy for a person with dyslexia.

How is Dyslexia Inherited?

Many children who have been diagnosed with this have identified at least one family member who have been dyslexic. If you have relatives who hated school, who were drop-outs, or who left school early to join the armed forces or to get a job may have been dyslexic.
Dyslexia is not a chromosomal disorder but it is inherited, at least in some cases. Dyslexia can pop up, as a new mutation in a child with no family history of it, and it can even be acquired as the result of brain damage. Although there is also at least one inherited mutant allele that can cause dyslexia.

What is the Patient's Lifespan?

Dyslexia does not affect the patient's lifespan, in terms of living a shorter life. Only if it prevents you from reading a street sign in time, leading to a car accident-- ie, highly unlikely. Most dyslexics have learned to accommodate the problem by the time they reach driving age, and a street sign is not a high level of difficulty compared to the rest of their lives.

Dyslexia is a learning disability marked by difficulty in learning new words, reading, writing organization, and drawing. It is also linked to ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder). None of these symptoms are fatal at all.

Recent/Current Researches for Dyslexia

One example is the research that is being conducted in the genetics of dyslexia and language disability. Having identified years ago that dyslexia seems to run in families, there was strong supposition that there was a genetic component to it. Researchers have been exploring candidate susceptibility genes for dyslexia and speech-language impairment, and recently identified chromosomes 3, 6, and 15 as potentially related to dyslexia and language impairment. This is just the tip of the iceberg in this line of inquiry.

  • Dyslexia can be identified for people at a young age.

Genetic Screening Test for Dyslexics

Genetic screen testing is an assessment of a person's genetic makeup to detect inheritable defects that may be transmitted to offspring. In other words, it predicts the genetic predisposition to certain illnesses associated with a workplace environment.

Genetic screen testing for dyslexia should be available within a year or less. The test associates a simple cheek swab. Pediatricians will then be able to correctly identify kids with dyslexia at birth. Early intervention can eliminate or decrease the severity of dyslexia before children reach the age when formal reading instruction usually takes place. It is very rare to find dyslexic adults.

  • Genetic screen testings on the cheek would look like these: