Human Trafficking in China
By Joey Picard and Cristiano Guerciolini
Causes in China
- High demands for cheap labor in factories, and often look to get it in the cheapest way possible, just like the Industrial Revolution.
- Just like before the Factory Act of 1833 in England, the cheapest labor is sought after and not illegal for the factory owners; here is is only only illegal for the traffickers themselves, who do not get caught.
- Low average employment
- Trafficking is a high profit and low risk business, providing incentive and little to stop criminal plans.
Perpatrators and Victims of Human Trafficking
- People of all social classes are at risk of human trafficking.
- Trafficking happens across both genders
- It also happens to people of all ages, from young to old.
- Perpetrators are those looking for easy money. Many of them are criminals and not only traffickers.
Tactics of Human Traffickers
- Transit Trafficking: Moving victims to different areas for forced labor.
- Internal Trafficking: Moving Migrants into factories and coalmines.
- Use fraud, force, coercion to gather individuals.
- Traffickers will often take advantage of some vulnerability.
- False promises of a better life or a way to help out the victims family.
What is being done to stop Human Trafficking in China
- China is raising awareness about Human trafficking with popular forms of media.
- Schools have been talking about it in classes.
- Posters and TV has been raising awareness.
- Popular places like train stations have Anti-trafficking advertisements
- Laws have been passed to prevent trafficking of women and children, threatening with a punishment ranging from "5 to 10 years in prison plus fine" all the way to being "sentenced to death"(Anonymous).
- According to the Chinese Government, ''human trafficking cases within Chinese borders are decreasing'' (Jianchao) cases are decreasing, but there are still North Koreans trafficked into China who "face sexual exploitation, forced labor, or repatriation into North Korea, where they are often imprisoned and tortured..." (Kyodo News).
- Human trafficking has not stopped, so it is fair to say that not enough is being done. Example, having more no notice checks on factories and questioning employees, as well as stepping up enforcement in this area.
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