# Math and Science in Ancient India

### What was math and science like back then?

## Mathematics and Science History

Before the Gupta mathematicians, the Hindu mathematicians had already made many advances in mathematical fields, including ways of writing whole numbers using the numerals 1 through 9. However, the Gupta people furthered these advancements, inventing decimal systems to give numbers further details: this system involved 10 basic numerals with different values depending on their place, a system that also worked with fractions in the same way.

## Important Contributions

- One major contribution was that the Hindi were the very first to treat 0 as an actual number, a number without which many calculations are impossible.
- Hindu-Arabic numerals
- Invention of mathematical algorithms-series of steps used to solve a problem-ofter used by computer programmers today
- Followed and mapped movement of the planets and stars, understanding gravity and Earth's revolution around the Sun
- ideas of what the universe was made up of-coming up with atoms before the Greeks did
- Able to set broken bones and perform operations, invented many medical tools

## Great Mathematicians of Ancient India

## Aryabhata One of the most prominent mathematicians in all of history, Aryabhata combined math and astronomy to discover higher aspects. He was one of the first to use algebra and discovered that a year was approximately 365.258 days long. Some of his other contributions involve approximating Earth's size, discovering planets were shaped like spheres, and proposing that Earth spun on its axis. | ## Shushruta He carried out one of the first plastic surgeries, restored damaged noses, used herbs, and believed it was important to understand the causes of disease. | ## Pavuluri He composed Ganitam. |

## Aryabhata

One of the most prominent mathematicians in all of history, Aryabhata combined math and astronomy to discover higher aspects. He was one of the first to use algebra and discovered that a year was approximately 365.258 days long. Some of his other contributions involve approximating Earth's size, discovering planets were shaped like spheres, and proposing that Earth spun on its axis.

## Shushruta

He carried out one of the first plastic surgeries, restored damaged noses, used herbs, and believed it was important to understand the causes of disease.