The Civil Rights Movement

By Cecily Tachell

Turning Point In American History

The struggle for human rights has been going on for more than 400 years when the first slaves were taken and brought to America. Many events have occurred in order to make the United States an equal and just society. The Civil Rights Movement was one of the most important occurrences that made American land a more equal place to live on. It was meant to defy racial oppression across all of society and demand political equality ending injustice all together.

Plans of Action

During the Civil Right Movement, they used several tactics to accomplish the mission of gaining equal rights. The majority of their tactics were non-violent because they wanted the world to see the experiences and struggles they had to go through from violent adversaries. However, non-violent protesting required support from the black populations participation for the most part. The more violent things that happened while the black race was non-violent, the more media wanted to look into their story. When the media got involved a bit more, then the people of the nation decided to take action.

The spark that started off the protesting in the black community happened after a black woman by the name of Rosa Parks was arrested due to refusing to give up her seat on the bus for a white man. She ended up influencing and encouraging other black and some white people to challenge the society for their share for equal rights. The black population began a protesting called the Montgomery Bus Boycott which led to businesses losing money due to black's never using the bus to go shop at the stores, etc. Most of the black population used the buses and when they refused to ride them, it caused havoc in the white society which was a very useful tactic during that time period.


A strategy that the U.S Supreme Court used in order to promote equal rights for all men, was the integration of the nine black kids into the Little Rock school in Arkansas. The kids were considered "The Little Rock Nine" and they were escorted by the 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock to insure safety. This strategy enforced America to become more integrated in our educational systems and political issues.

UNSUNG HEROES

Ella Baker

Ella Baker believed in grassroots advocacy and egalitarianism and people empowering their own change instead of following central leaders. She also influenced many organizations including the NAACP, Martin Luther King's SCLC, and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. With her many years of experience as a protester and organizer, she gave her wise counsel to numerous organizations and causes. She continued to fight for social justice and equality for the rest of her life until her death on December 13th 1986 when she was 83 years of age.

Claudette Colvin

Claudette Colvin was the first person arrested for breaking the segregation law on March 2nd 1955 nine months before Rosa Parks. She also openly refused to give her seat away on a segregated bus to a white person and was taken to court where she pleaded not guilty;however, the court over ruled her and put her on probation. Due to the fact that she became pregnant during the time of her arrest, the media figured that would bring to much negative attention. Although she wasn't publicized like Rosa Parks, she still helped the city's civil rights effort and encouraged the morals in the community.

We Shall Not Be Moved By MAVIS STAPLES

This spiritual song was written around the 1930's by activists but changed to different lyrics during the Civil Rights Movement time period. This song shows the emotion and strength that the African Americans had within them to get through all of the suffering that came with protesting for equality. The lyrics explain the attitude they held toward the enemy which were the people who didn't want them to have equal rights. Also, the lyrics tell us how united they were as a race to go against their opponents and rebel together. They were stronger together fighting then they were separately because their acts were made a bigger issue that way to the nation. The title very clearly shows how the African American population felt about their beliefs and morals being number one in their life and how nothing could move them, they will always move forward from where they were.



We'll Never Turn Back
We Shall Not Be Moved
we shall not we shall not be moved x2
like a tree that's planted by the water
we shall not be moved
we shall not we shall not be moved x2
like a tree that's planted by the water
we shall not be moved
union is behind us
we shall not be moved x2
just like a tree that's planted by the water
we shall not be moved
we're fighting for our freedom x2
we shall not be moved
like a tree that's planted by the water
we shall not be moved
fighting for our children
we shall not be moved
we're fighting for our children
we shall not be moved
like a tree that's planted by the water
we shall not be moved
black and white together
we shall not be moved x2
just like a tree that's planted by the water
we shall not be moved

Top Five Events in the Civil Rights Movement