Lunar and Solar Eclipses
Rooks, Cameron, Nevin & Brent
What are Eclipses
Total Eclipse-when one celestial body completely covers the other celestial body
Partial Eclipse-when the celestial body partially covers the other celestial body
Penumbral Eclipse-when the moon becomes completely immersed in the penumbral shadow cone of the Earth without touching the main umbra shadow.
Annular Eclipse-an eclipse of the sun in which the edge of the sun remains visible as a bright ring around the moon.
A lunar eclipse occurs when the moon appears darkened as it passes into the earth's shadow. This happens anywhere around 2-4 times per year depending on the year.
Why does the moon turn red during a lunar eclipse? The Earth's atmosphere provides an orangish color to the moon during an eclipse. The atmosphere acts like a filtered lens. It bends red sunlight into our planet's shadow and scatters out blue light. It's the same reason why sunrises and sunsets appear reddish.
Total Lunar Eclipse
Partial Lunar Eclipse
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon gets between Earth and the sun, and the moon casts a shadow over Earth. A solar eclipse can only take place at the phase of new moon, when the moon passes directly between the Sun and Earth, and its shadows fall upon Earth’s surface. Only lasts about 7.5 minutes on any one location.