MLB Baseball

Introduction

Baseball is one of America's pastimes. Baseball has been around since the late 1800's. There may have even been a game that was a lot like baseball before then too. The MLB is broken down into 30 teams, and those 30 teams are broken down into two leagues the National league and the American League. There are Three divisions that those leagues are broken into, so there is six divisions in the MLB.

History

Baseball has been around for a long long time. Baseball-type games have been being played in open lots along the east coast as early as the 1840's ("History of Baseball" 1). There werent any rules for any of these games however.The first league was created in 1842 by Alexander Cartwright and was called the Knickerbockers ("History of Baseball" 1). He wrote down the rules to his league which is where baseball gets most of its rules from today. They mainly just divided up the people they had and played scrimmages against each other. Until in 1846 when the Knickerbockers, and New York team decided to get together and play a game. This game was played in New Jersey at Elysian field. "New York won 23-1. It is considered the first baseball game between two teams" ("History of Baseball" 1). In the year 1876, the National league played their inaugural season. In 1901, the American league started as well so now their was two leagues, and they decided to send their best team to the world series and face up against each other. In 1947, Baseball allowed blacks to play in the MLB as Jackie Robinson took the field. As the years went on the league just got better, and it has come to a point where things run very smoothly, and everyone thinks of baseball as Americas pastime.

How Baseball is Broken up

There are 30 teams in the MLB. They're broken down into two different leagues the National league (NL) and the American League (AL). The only difference in the two leagues is that the AL gets to have a designated hitter which means someone bats for the pitcher. In the NL pitchers bat for their selves There are 14 AL teams and 16 NL teams ("ESPN" 1). In both leagues there are three divisions the East, Central, and West. They are divided this way so that the best team out of each division goes to the playoffs. There is also a wildcard, the wildcard is determined by taking the best other two teams in the both leagues and having a one game playoff winner goes to the postseason ("ESPN" 1). They can switch up which leagues teams are in if they want, but most teams stay in their league for many years.

Divisions

The NL East consists of the Atlanta Braves, Miami Marlins, New York Mets, Philadelphia Phillies, and the Washington Nationals. The NL Central is the biggest division with six teams that include the Milwaukee Brewers, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs, and the Houston Astros ("ESPN" 1). The last division in the NL is the West, these teams are the San Diego Padres, Arizona Diamondbacks, Colorado Rockies, San Francisoco Giants, and Los Angeles Dodgers. There are also three divisions in the American League. The first is the AL East, the teams of that division are the Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Toronto Blue Jays, and Tampa Bay Rays. The next one is the Central teams in this division include Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox, Clevland Indians, Kansas City Royals, and The Minnesota Twins. The Last division is the Smallest in the MLB It contains the Los Angeles Angels, Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners, and the Texas Rangers ("ESPN" 1).

World Series

There have been many teams that have made it to the World Series in their history. In fact only two teams have never been to a World Series. This includes the Seattle Mariners and Washington Nationals. However, eight teams have never won a World Series. These teams are the San Diego Padres, Tampa Bay Rays, Washington Nationals, Texas Rangers, Houston Astros, Colorado Rockies, Milwaukee Brewers, and Seattle Mariners ("Baseball-Almanac" 5). The team with the most World Series wins is the New York Yankees with 27 ("iWeblists" 4). Nobody is even close to 27 championships. The next closest is the St. Louis Cardinals with 11 ("iWeblists" 4). There is no other team that has even been to that many World Series There is one team that has won nine World series, one with seven, two with six, two with five, one with four, four with three, six with two, and three with one.

Players/Managers

There are about 1280 players in the MLB every given year. This is because each team has a 40 man roster, and there are 30 teams so it is simple math. Some of the top players in todays game include Albert Pujols, Roy Halladay, Ryan Braun, Mike Trout, Clayton Kershaw. If anyone knows anything about baseball, they will no these players. Some of the best players of all time include Ozzie Smith, Cy Young, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Joe Dimaggio, and many many more (Doug). There are 30 Managers in the MLB. Some of the best managers nowadays are Fredi Gonzalez, Jim Leyland, Ron Roenicke, an a few more. Some of the best of all time however include, John Mcgraw, Connie Mack, Sparky Anderson, and many more. John McGraw was a good player in his day and then "he took over as a player-manager in 1899 and then became baseball's best manager of all-time" (Kendrick 1).

Hall of Fame and Records

In the MLB if your the best of the best you get a chance to make the Hall of Fame. To make the hall of fame you must get voted in a few years after you retire. At this point there are 291 people in the baseball Hall of Fame ("Almanac" 2). New players get added each year. Many people in the Hall of Fame have passed away, but "today there are 65 living members (including executives, managers, umpires, players & Negro Leaguers) of the National Baseball Hall of Fame" ("Almanac" 1). There are many records that are kept in MLB over its history. Some of the more interesting ones include Homeruns, Wins, Stolen Bases, RBI's, and Strikeouts. The most Home runs in a career is Barry Bonds with 762, but that record has the most controversy than all of them. Cy Young has the record for the most wins with 511, and Ricky Henderson has the most stolen bases with 1270. Hank Aaron has the record for the most RBI's with 2297, and Nolan Ryan has the most strikeouts in a career with 5714 ("Almanac" 1). There are many other records for just about anything you could think of.

Works Cited

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  6. Kendrick, Scott. "Top 10 Managers In Major League Baseball History." About.com Baseball. About.com, n.d. Web. 17 Oct 2012. <http://baseball.about.com/od/majorleaguehistory/tp/Top-10-Managers-In-Major-League-Baseball-History.htm>.
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