Brazil

A Country of Wonder

General Information

Brazil is the largest country in South America. It has a larger population than all the other South American countries combined. The country has a mixed culture based on the traditions of American Indians, Africans, Portugal, and many others. The country of Brazil also has many beautiful features used for tourism.

History

Brazil was first inhabited by American Indians. Then in 1500, Portugal became the first European country to find Brazil. The people of Portugal started sugar plantations and brought Africans to work on them. These sugar plantations made Portugal rich but destroyed forests on the coasts. Inland settlers started cattle ranches. In the 1600's and 1700's a mining boom caused migration to Brazil from around the world. Then in !800 southeastern Brazil became a coffee growing region. In 1822 Brazil gained independence from Portugal without a fight. After that, not much changed. Brazil kept their slaves for a while. Since then Brazil has been governed by dictators and elected officials. Now it is run by an elected president and legislature.

Culture

In summary, the culture in Brazil is a mix of traditions of many countries. In fact, the country has the largest number of Roman Catholics in the world. The official language of Brazil is Portugese. Some popular foods are vatapa , an African seafood dish, and feijoada, a mix of black beans and meat. The major festival of Brazil is carnival. Carnival is a festival that takes place before the season of Lent. It mixes traditions of Africa and Brazil and Europe.

Brazil Today

Brazil's large size creates challenges and opportunities for the country Many Brazilians are poor, despite the large economy. Brazil is divided into four regions based on people, economy, and landscape. The Southeast is the most populated region in Brazil. It contains the largest city in Brazil, Sau Paulo, and the second largest city in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of brazil from 1822 to 1960. The southeast is the richest region in Brazil thanks to natural resources, good soil for farming, and industry. This is also the coffee growing region of America.

The Northeast is the poorest region in Brazil. Many do not know how to read and the health care there is very poor. This region suffers from drought so farming is scarce. Though the region has difficulty attracting industry, the beaches and colonial sites attract tourists.

Brazil Today (Continued)

The interior region is a frontier land. It may also be used for farming someday. This region has little population besides Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, which was designed to develop the region.

The Amazon region covers northern Brazil. Manaus is a major port city there. These people rely on the river for transportation and communication. Some Indian camps are scattered throughout the Amazon rain forest. Logging is causing deforestation in these forests which makes tension between the Indians and the government.

Summary

Brazil is a large, interesting country of many mixed people. this fact creates quite the interesting culture. Many beautiful sites lie in Brazil. We hope you have learned from this flyer.