Democracy

State and Federal Government

Australia

Australia's formal name is the Commonwealth of Australia. The form of governement used in Australia is a constitunitional monarchy- 'constitutional' because the powers and procedures of the Australian Goverment are defined by a written constitution, and 'monarchy' because Australia's head of state is Queen Elizabeth II.

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History of Federation

Australia used to be a content with seprate states. The states had their own armys and trading business. but then a few men started the fedration they wanted the states to become one. Eventually the states NSW, QLD, SA, WA, NT, and VIC all agreed to become Australia.

Population

The population of Australia is 23,531,625 as of 31 December 2013.

Prime Minister

The Australian prime minister is currently Tony Abbott. Before him was Kevin Rudd. Kevin Rudd was Challenged by Julia Gillard the first time, and lost. Then, they had a dispute and Julia said that if she lost the vote, she would step down from politics. She jinxed herself, and lost. Then Tony Abbott won against Kevin Rudd. HE IS THE MASTER AT THE MOMENT! That explains this picture!!!
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The three arms of Australia's Government

  • The parliamentt (or legislature) is responsible for debating and voting on new laws to be introduced under the power of section 51.
  • The executive is responsible for enacting and upholding the laws established by the legislature. Certain members of the legislature (called ministers) are also members of the executive, with special responsibilities for certain areas of the law.
  • The judiciary is the legal arm of the Australian Government. It is independent of the other two arms, and is responsible for enforcing the laws and deciding whether the other two arms are acting within their powers.
  • The Australian Constitution

    The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the Commonweal

    the of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia It consists of several documents. The most important is the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia, which is referred to as the "Constitution" in the remainder of this article. The Constitution was approved in a series of referendums held over 1898–1900 by the people of the Australian colonies, and the approved draft was enacted as a section of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900

    The NSW Premier

    The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature.
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    Parliament

    In the Australian Parliament, there is two houses. The House of Representatives, and the Senate. In both houses, the Government side has to have the majority.

    The Senate

    Under the Constitution, each state of the Australian federation, regardless of its population, has an equal number of senators. The Senate currently consists of 76 senators. Twelve senators represent each of the six states, elected for a period of six years. A system of rotation, however, ensures that half the Senate retires every three years. The four senators who represent the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory are elected concurrently with members of the House of Representatives and the duration of their terms of office coincide with those for that House (a maximum of three years).


    The House of Representatives.

    The House has 150 Members. Each Member represents an electoral division. The boundaries of these electorates are adjusted from time to time so that they all contain approximately equal numbers of electors—because of the distribution of Australia's population they vary greatly in area (from a few square kilometres to over two million square kilometres). Members are elected by a system known as preferential voting, under which voters rank candidates in order of preference.

    Bills and LAws

    In Parliament, a bill is a proposal for a new law or a change to an existing one. Generally, bills aim to improve something or fix a problem. Most bills are introduced into the Parliament by government ministers and are then debated and voted on in both chambers.


    For a bill to become a law (in the Australian Constitution), it has to make it past the House of Representatives, the Senate, and then the Governer General has to sign it. (as the Queen's Representative) The senate can turn the law down and send it back to the House of Representatives for ammendments.

    Elections

    Elections in Australia take place periodically to elect the legislature of the Commonwealth of Australia, as well as for each state and territory. The elections for the parliament are held under a single federal electoral system, and there are different systems for each state and territory.

    Political Parties

    There are many parties inside fo the Australian Parliament, the two major parties being Labor and Liberal. Liberal, the (current) dominating pary, has the majority in the House of Representatives and the Senate.


    There are also some minor parties in Parliament, including the Greens, Palmer United, Motoring Enthusiasts, Family First and the Democrats. These are some of the minor parties.

    Local Council (SSC)

    The Sutherland Shire Council (SSC) takes care of the Sutherland SHire. They are currently in work-a-holic mode!!!!!!