Age of Exploration Newspaper

By: Nora Markey, Lilian Perry, and Orla McKillop

Way Back When Technology

Today in a world full of exploring, we need to discover new technology to enrich our knowledge about the world. Navigators have been sailing around the globe looking for new lands. The portolan map has lines that radiate out from compass points, showing navigator to find their new lands. To use the map you need a good compass. There was a compass before the magnetic compass, made by the Chinese, that were not as good. The magnetic compass has an iron needle, that lines up with the poles. This great new compass allows navigators to find bearings and chart courses. To discover new land, the navigators need new and faster ships. The caravel ship moved easily along the coats and travel longer distances. Also, to discover the world you need a accurate world map. This allowed the navigators to travel long distances and explore new areas of land. Using old technology would sound crazy, but the navigators found a use for the ancient tool, astrolabes. With all this new technology, we will be able to discover numerous things.

The Business at the Time

Business now a days are thriving. The plantation owners are drowning in the money they are making. They are making money by slavery. The owners are counting on Africans to become there laborers, working to for no money. Since the owners don't have to pay the slaves, they can take the money the would have used to pay the workers and keep it. The triangular trade route between Europe, Africa and the Americas is a great system. The European goods are brought to Africa and traded for slaves. Then from there, they travel through the Middle Passage, which is the trade route between the Americas and Africa. Once they reach America, the slaves are traded for sugar and molasses. Those goods are eventually brought to Europe. Not only do plantation owners benefit from slavery but so do the merchants. The merchants are becoming wealthy through the triangular route. Also, the triangular trade route profits the new settlements in North America and other countries in Europe. However, not everything good comes from slavery. Many captives die on the trip through the trade route and many African settlements are being torn apart. Africans are being taken from their families and friends. It is a horrible time for Africa, but we are just prospering.

Interview with Those Affected

Interviewer: Hello. Today, we are talking to a member of the Aztec tribe. Welcome guest!

Aztec tribe member: Hello thank you for having me!

Interviewer: So, tell us what your tribe thought about your experience with colonization

Aztec tribe member: Our experience with colonization was not a pleasant one

Interviewer: please expand on this

Aztec tribe member: Well, our tribe almost got wiped out due to diseases such as smallpox

Interviewer: Oh no! How did that happen?

Aztec tribe member: We had no immunities whatsoever due to our lack of exposure

Interviewer: Anything else effect you and your tribe?

Aztec tribe member: Also many of us were enslaved, and those who were not enslaved were forced out of their homes and sent to lands that the colonizers owned.

Interviewer: What would happen if you refused?

Aztec Tribe member: If we refused, they would wage war on us.

Interviewer(to viewer): Thank you for watching this exclusive interview tune in next week where we talk to Christopher Columbus' two sons!

Aztec tribe member: Thank you for having me!

International News

As European explores began to expand their countries' territories, conflicts began to rise between European powers. To limit conflicts with trading, pope Alexander VI set up a line by the treaty of Tordesillas that divided the non-European world into two zones. This Line would be known as the Line of Demarcation. This line gave power to both sides for all trading and exploration in that area. Trade and exploration on the west side of the line was controlled by Spain, while Portugal controlled the east side. The line and boundaries set up by the treaty was unclear because explores were not yet certain of the size of the world and therefore could not enforce the treaty properly. The treaty also did not include degrees of longitude and therefore did not circle the globe. Because the pope issued the treaty it may not have been taken seriously and may have been overlooked by protestant explorers. This may result in additional conflict between the Catholic Church and Protestant leaders, as well as conflicts between Portugal, Spain, and predominant Protestant countries.

Travel

The first Asian territory claimed by the Europeans was the Island of Goa off of the coast of India. This foothold obtained by the Portuguese opened up a new world of trade and territory opportunities for the Europeans. By 1511, the Portuguese invaded and took over the East Indes port of Malacca. Soon the Dutch used their power and wealth as a major trading power to govern overseas territories. In 1641, the Dutch captured Malacca from the Portuguese and utilized it as a major trading point with China. The Dutch maintained a stable trading empire until the 1700s when England and France began to gain power. Despite growing powers, the Dutch maintained an empire in Indonesia until 1900s. While Portuguese and Dutch powers focused on setting up bases on the coasts of Asia, Spain focused on infiltrating the Philippines. Within 50 years, the Spanish had been successful in conquering every Filipino island and successfully converting many Filipinos to Catholicism. Though the Europeans had successfully set up trading ports on the coast of Asia, they set out to set up trading posts in the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire was a successful point of trade regarding luxury goods, spices, textiles, and more. When European powers requested trading rights with the Mughal empire, it was quickly granted and soon European powers set up trading posts all over the Mughal empire, thus strengthening Europe's foothold within the Asian world. Soon, European powers souk to obtain trading rights within China. The Ming, the power in China at the time, had allowed minimal trade within China's boundaries with the Europeans, but demanded that all trade be made with silver or gold. When the Manchus took over China around 1644 and set up the Qing Dynasty, they expanded China's boundaries all over Asia. The Qing kept the tradition of limited trade with the Europeans, but after disputes between Britain's Lord McCartney and the Qing leaders, China began rejecting trade with Europeans. Soon, other Asian countries followed suit. Japan at first welcomed European traders, but soon after Jesuit missionaries began to convert the Japanese people, the leaders felt threaten by the Pope and his authority in Rome and began to persecute Christians. This fueled Japan's decision to enter a 200-year period of isolation. Along with Japan, Korea also chose a policy of Isolation after being attacked by the Japanese in 1592 and in 1597, and by the Manchus in 1636. These accomplishments by the European powers opened the world to new trade and exploration opportunities, which will lead to rises in new world powers and declines of old world powers.
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