Overview of the Decade
- Influential Athletes/Coaches
- Olympic Games
- Other Sources of Entertainment
The Space Program took off throughout the decade. Russia launched a satellite and just a year later NASA was founded in the U.S. NASA then launched its first satellite soon after.
Key Laws/Supreme Court Decisions
- 22nd Amendment: Stated that no one person could serve more than two terms of president and a Vice President whom took over for the President can serve more than 6 years.
- Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)- Stated that "separate but equal" in schools was completely unequal.
- Brown vs. Board of Education II (1955)- Made schools abolish racially dual systems.
- In 1956, the Supreme Court ruled segregation on the Montgomery Bus System unconstitutional. Gave a victory to many African Americans, such as Rosa Parks, who had boycotted the bus system.
Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th president and also served 8 years as a U.S. president. While Eisenhower was president, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare were created. During his time in office, the U.S. and Japan signed a mutual defense agreement. Many people believed Eisenhower didn't do much to help the civil rights movements happening in the country.
Key World Leaders
- Chiang Kai-Shek (China)- got rid of Communism in his country.
- Nikita- appointed leader of the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin's death.
- Winston Churchill- resigns as England's Prime Minister.
- Fidel Castro (Cuba)- wants to establish Communism in his country.