Fitness for Life:Fitness Components

Author: Asha-Ashanti N. Turner Teacher: Mr. Enrico

Fitness for Life: Fitness Components

Health-Related Fitness Components: Those aspects that are related to how well the systems of your body work

1. Cardiovascular Endurance-the ability of the circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise.

2. Muscular Strength-the amount of force that can be produced by a single contraction of a muscle.

3. Muscular Endurance-the ability of a muscle group to continue muscle movement over a length of time.

4. Flexibility-the range of movement possible at various joints.

5. Body Composition-the relative percentage of body fat compared to lean body mass (muscle, bone, water, etc.).

Skill-Related Fitness Components: Those aspects of fitness which form the basis for successful sport activity participation

1. Speed-the ability to move quickly from one point to another in a straight line.

2. Agility-the ability of the body to change direction quickly.

3. Balance-the ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving.

4. Coordination-integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses.

5. Reaction TIme-integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses.

6. Power-the ability to do strength work at an explosive pace.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Cardiovascular Endurance

Jogging is an excellent example of cardiovascular endurance. Jogging strengthens your heart and your body's ability to distribute oxygen and blood.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Muscular Strength

An extremely good example of muscular strength is lifting weights. Lifting weights builds muscle groups, giving you strength.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Muscular Endurance

Bicycling is an amazing example of muscular endurance. Constantly applying pressure on the pedals to propel yourself forwards and not get tired builds endurance in your muscles.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Flexibility

Gymnastics is an example of flexibility because you need to be able to do flips and splits, and you can't do these things without flexibility.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Body Composition

The hydrostatic test is one example of body composition. This test measures your body fat, which is a part of your body composition, by weighing your body in an underwater tank.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Speed

Running outdoor/indoor track is an excellent example of speed. You must move quickly on a track from one point to the next to increase your speed.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Agility

One example of agility is soccer. You need to use agility to change from one direction to another to get the ball and keep it from the opposing team.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Balance

Surfing is an amazing example balance. You need to have impeccable balance to stay on the surfboard while on the water.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Coordination

A good example of coordination is baseball. You need hand-eye coordination to see the ball and hit the ball at the same time.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Reaction Time

An excellent example of reaction time is badminton. As soon as you see the ball coming towards you, you only have a couple of seconds at the most to react and hit the ball.

Health-Related Fitness Components: Power

One major example of power is boxing. To box, you need to use power to repeatedly punch, etc.