US Federal Court System

By McKalynn Barker

  • US Marshalls: make arrests, collect fines, and take convicted people to prison. They protect jurors, keep order in court and serve supeonas ordering people to appear in court.
  • US Attorney: a goverment lawyer who prosecutes people for breaking government laws. They look into charges and produce the evidence to the court, and represent the US in civil cases involving the government.
  • Magistrate Judge: decide whether the accused should be held in jail or let out on bail. They perform a lot of the judge's routine work, and they hear preliminary evidence and decide if the case should go to court or not.

  • Life Terms: the judge can choose how long he/she would like to serve and when they want to retire.
  • Precedent:an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances.
  • Opinion: a view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge
  • Remand: place (a defendant) on bail or in custody, especially when a trial is adjourned.

  • Circuit: The particular geographic area that a US court of appeals covers.
  • Appellate Jurisdiction: concerned with or dealing with applications for decisions to be reversed.
  • Original Jurisdiction: the authority to hear the case for the first time.
  • District Courts: The federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun, and have original jurisdiction.
  • Court of Appeals: review decisions made in lower district courts.