Save the Babies!!

Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Urgent! Read!

Does your baby have difficulty breathing, have bluish colored skin and/or decreased urine output? Then your baby could possibly have Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome, a serious condition that may lead to future complictions and even death in severe cases. Don't wait until it's too late, get help now!

Signs and Symptms

  • Blusih color of skin and mucus membranes (cyanosis)
  • Pauses in breathing (apnea)
  • Decreased Urine Output
  • Nasal Flaring
  • Rapid and Shallow Breathing
  • Shortness of breath and grunting noises while breathing

Complications

  • Bleeding into the brain (intraventricular hemorrhage)
  • Bleeding into the lung (pulmonary hemorrhage)
  • Delayed development or intellectual disability
  • Problems with eye development and blindness
  • Possible death

More Information

Cause

IRDS occurs in infants whose lungs are premature or not fully developed. The undeveloped lungs does not have a sufficient amount of surfactant which leads to this condition.

Pathophysiology

There is a deficiency involved with the surfactant in the lung and is first produced within 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. The surfactant eases the surface tension within the lungs and prevents the air spaces from collapsing. As the baby breathes, the damaged cells accumulate, making it even more difficult for the baby to breathe,

Awareness

Treatment

  • Medication to ease pain
  • Oxygen supplements
  • Artificial surfactant
  • Assisted ventilation by ventilators (breathing machines)
  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

High Risk

IRDS occurs in babies born before 37-39 weeks, but the more premature the baby is born, the higher the risk of developing this condition. Diabetes in mothers, multiple pregnancies, Cesarean delivery, and problems with delivery increases the likelihood and severity of acquiring this condition. While the likelihood of getting the condition increases, IRDS is still a rare syndrome, 200,000 cases.