Dicots vs. Monocots

By Inaara Jiwani

Dicots

The dicot embryo has two cotyledons, and its leaf veins are reticulated (branched). The petals are in multiples of four or five, and may bear fruit if it's a tree. Bundles of vascular tissue are arranged in a ring. The vascular system is divided into a cortex and stele. These plants contain pollen with three furrows or pores. It has 2 seed leaves. Legumes (pea, beans, lentils, peanuts) daisies, mint, lettuce, tomato and oak are examples of dicots.

Monocots

Monocotyledons have one cotyledon in the embryo, and its leaf veins are parallel. The petals are in multiples of three. Bundles of vascular tissue are scattered throughout the stem with no particular arrangement, and has no cortex. These plants contain pollen with a single furrow or pore. It has a 1 seed leaf. Grains, (wheat, corn, rice, millet) lilies, daffodils, sugarcane, banana, palm, ginger, onions, bamboo, sugar, cone, palm tree, banana tree, and grass are examples of plants that are monocots.