Augusto Pinochet

Dictator of Chile 1974-1990

By: Bethany Kiernan

Essential Qestion

How did Augusto Pinochet gain, maintain, and control power of Chile in his 17 years of leadership?

Political Profile of Augusto Pinochet

Augusto Jose Ramon Pinochet Ugarte was born 1915 in Chile. He joined the army in 1935 and was named Commander in Chief by the current president, Salvador Allende. Pinochet's love for his country was the driving contribution to his obedience and determination in the military. Allende's presidency was short lived, for he was overthrown in a military coup led by Pinochet just one month later. Pinochet proceeded to oppressed Chile for 17 years with his authoritarian style leadership. During his rule, he killed and tortured thousands of people.


"According to a government report that included testimony from more than 30,000

people, his government killed at least 3,197 people and tortured about 29,000" (The Washington Post).


This man eliminated all opposition and competition at the expense of thousands of lives. Two thirds of the deaths during the rule of Pinochet happened in the first years, 1973/1974, of his dictatorship. Pinochet worked heavily with a force he created called the Directorate of National Intelligence Agency (DINA). This group was the anchor of his power, eliminating all leftist opponents and removing those who opposed his regime abroad (those in exile), so he could maintain his controlling power in Chile. This group was the root of the human rights atrocities that Pinochet is know for world-wide.


"The Pinochet regime has many mistakes, very serious mistakes, but these are mistakes that should always be kept in perspective. His biggest legacy will be that he opened the country's economy to the world and brought the world to the country." (National public Radio).


Besides dictating the lives of the people through torture and annihilation, Pinochet contributed highly to the economy of Chile, boosting the foreign trade and reputation in the sphere of the world.


Pinochet was a tall man with a round face and dark hair. His strength was in the military. He was not a very spiritual man, having no religion or god.

Artistic Element- Political Cartoon

This cartoon represents the Coup held by Pinochet and how it affected Chile and the country's growth as a thriving nation. The man building represents the trade unions and the coup. The man is building up what is Chile. As someone shoots the new government established by the Coup, the building of Chile starts to fall apart resulting in the poor leadership and negative development of Augusto Pinochet. This goes to show the mistakes made by a leader can result in a downhill progression of any country.

Creative Piece-Poem

Oh Augusto

Augusto, Augusto how you rule.

You control the country without mercy.

The DINA kills those you do not like

and be-rids innocent opponents adversely.


You help the economy

grow and thrive,

but forget how you are famous,

deep inside.


You are famous

because you went too far

committing hundreds of human rights atrocities,

that will never make you a star.


Maybe some day

you will learn,

that being mean to others

has no upturn.


That unhealthy control of the people

will end in failure.

No matter how you say it,

it won't make you happy later.







Works Cited

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"A Chilean Dictator's Dark Legacy." Washington Post: Reel, Monte, and J.Y. SmithBreaking News, World, US, DC News & Analysis. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/10/AR2006121000302.html>.


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"File:Pinochet de Civil.jpg - Wikimedia Commons." Wikimedia Commons. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pinochet_de_Civil.jpg>.


"Chile Location Map in South America | Chile Location in South America | Location of Chile in South America Map." Emapsworld: Mapping the Earth | Map of the World | World Maps | World Continents Maps | World Countries Maps | World States Maps | World Provinces Maps | World Admin Maps. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013. <http://www.emapsworld.com/chile-location-map-in-south-america.html>.


"Augusto Pinochet: Villain to Some, Hero to Others : NPR." NPR : National Public Radio : News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013. <http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6606013>.


" Rhymes ." RhymeBrain Rhyming Dictionary. Easy to read on your phone. . N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://rhymebrain.com/en/What_rhymes