Bill of Rights

Gabriel Sanchez, U.S History, 5th period

what are the Bill of Rights?

The Bill of Rights is to protect the citizens of the United States.The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.

First Amendment: Freedom of Speech, The Press, and Religion

What it means: It is you can say or write just about anything you want and follow any religion you choose and gather in groups.

Court Case: Engels V. Vitale

Summary: School initiated prayer in the public school system violets the amendment. In New York system each day begun with a nondiscrimination as prayer acknowledging dependence upon God. The challenge in court, as an unconstitutional state establish of religion in violation of the amendment. The court agreed state that the government could not sponsor such activities. The court ruled as guilty.

Second amendment: the right to bear arms

What it Means: the right to bear arms and protect themselves.

Court Case: Drake v. Jerejan

Summary: They Deny his review. The court failed to resolve a nation wide split about the meaning. He was not found guilty.

Third Amendment: The right to privacy in the home

What it Means: Is soldiers can't bar gin and demand to live in home and eat your food.

Court Case: Anthony Mitchell V. Nevada

Summary: Police officers violated the third rights when they conspired among themselves to force him out of his home. They occupy his home for their use. They needed to gain a tactical advantage. They were guilty.

Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable search and seizure

What it means: Police needs a search warrant to go through your stuff.

Court Case: Mueller v. Mena

Summary: Police detained Mena and others in hand cuffs while they search the house. They occupied which is wrong holding that handcuffs to detain Mena during the search violate his rights. Officers questioning of Mena about her immigration status also was violated.

Fifth Amendment: Double Jeopardy, Self Incrimination and due process of law

What it Means:The Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution provides, "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public.

Court Case: Westover v. United States

Summary: He was arrested and interrogated and signed confession. he was ruled as guilty.He did not have enough proof to prove the amendment.

Sixth Amendment: The rights of the accused in criminal cases

What it Means: You should be tried quick. Must be held in public and not a secret. Government has to tell you exactly what accused of and who is making chargers against you. You can tell your side of the story. you can have a witness and lawyer to back you up.

Court Case: Gideon V. Wainwright

Summary: He did not get a lawyer because he was accused of a crime. He could not afford a lawyer. The people had to give him a lawyer. He was guilty.

Seventh Amendment: The Right to a Jury Trial

What it Means: You can have a jury settle civil cases involving a lot of money. The accuse can't be brought up again in another court.

Court Case: Feltner V.Columbia Pictures Television

Summary: The district court denied Feltner's request for a jury trial. It awarded Columbia statutory damages following a bench trial. The verdict was not guilty.

Eighth Amendment : Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment

What it Means: Your punishment should fit your crime. The Government can't punish you in a cruel way.

Court Case:Ingram ET AL V. Wright ET AL

Summary: He was ruled guilty. The court talk about how the paddle school should be illegal. It violated the amendment.

Ninth Amendment: Rights Retained by the People

What it Means: The Government can't take away rights from the people.

Court Case: Griswold V. Connecticut

Summary: A Connecticut law criminalizing the use of contraceptives violate the right to martial privacy. Connecticut supreme court reversed. They were verdict not guilty. They had their opinion to express the court.

Tenth Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers

What it Means: What if the constitution doesn't give a certain power to do something. As long as it doesn't say anywhere that the states can't do something then the states have that power.

Court Case: United States V. Lopez

Summary: Government did not have the authority to create gun free school zones under the commence clause. They were ruled as guilty. The Government could not do that.