Bill of Rights
Gabriel Sanchez, U.S History, 5th period
what are the Bill of Rights?
First Amendment: Freedom of Speech, The Press, and Religion
Court Case: Engels V. Vitale
Summary: School initiated prayer in the public school system violets the amendment. In New York system each day begun with a nondiscrimination as prayer acknowledging dependence upon God. The challenge in court, as an unconstitutional state establish of religion in violation of the amendment. The court agreed state that the government could not sponsor such activities. The court ruled as guilty.
Second amendment: the right to bear arms
Court Case: Drake v. Jerejan
Summary: They Deny his review. The court failed to resolve a nation wide split about the meaning. He was not found guilty.
Third Amendment: The right to privacy in the home
Court Case: Anthony Mitchell V. Nevada
Summary: Police officers violated the third rights when they conspired among themselves to force him out of his home. They occupy his home for their use. They needed to gain a tactical advantage. They were guilty.
Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable search and seizure
Court Case: Mueller v. Mena
Summary: Police detained Mena and others in hand cuffs while they search the house. They occupied which is wrong holding that handcuffs to detain Mena during the search violate his rights. Officers questioning of Mena about her immigration status also was violated.
Fifth Amendment: Double Jeopardy, Self Incrimination and due process of law
Court Case: Westover v. United States
Summary: He was arrested and interrogated and signed confession. he was ruled as guilty.He did not have enough proof to prove the amendment.
Sixth Amendment: The rights of the accused in criminal cases
Court Case: Gideon V. Wainwright
Summary: He did not get a lawyer because he was accused of a crime. He could not afford a lawyer. The people had to give him a lawyer. He was guilty.
Seventh Amendment: The Right to a Jury Trial
Court Case: Feltner V.Columbia Pictures Television
Summary: The district court denied Feltner's request for a jury trial. It awarded Columbia statutory damages following a bench trial. The verdict was not guilty.
Eighth Amendment : Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Court Case:Ingram ET AL V. Wright ET AL
Summary: He was ruled guilty. The court talk about how the paddle school should be illegal. It violated the amendment.
Ninth Amendment: Rights Retained by the People
Court Case: Griswold V. Connecticut
Summary: A Connecticut law criminalizing the use of contraceptives violate the right to martial privacy. Connecticut supreme court reversed. They were verdict not guilty. They had their opinion to express the court.
Tenth Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers
Court Case: United States V. Lopez
Summary: Government did not have the authority to create gun free school zones under the commence clause. They were ruled as guilty. The Government could not do that.