DeCoste Writing Protocol

Workshop all about writing as a whole

It takes a team!

Writing can be taught across all curriculums with all kinds of teachers.


  • OT
  • RTI
  • General Education Teachers
  • Special Education Teachers
  • Speech Therapist
Allow time in all areas to have students write. We as teachers need to work together.

STOP

Comparing the student to the "average" but start comparing them to themselves

Motivation

  • Positive beliefs
  • Authentic Writing
  • Positive climate
  • Ongoing support
  • No Failures!!

Transcribe or not to transcribe?! That is the question

  • Limit the transcribing from the teacher
  • Allow kids to continue to try to hand write
  • There needs to be a healthy balance of writing and dictating
  • Let the student try to write first, then the teacher can scribe what the student was writing

"The Protocol" for handwriting


  • 1 minute of alphabet writing from memory. Keep repeating the alphabet until the minute is finished
  • 1 minute of copying a sentence. Keep repeating the alphabet until the minute is finished
  • 1 minute of writing a sentence that the teacher dictates
  • 1 minutes of copying a sentence FAST!
STOP and take a break.


Talk to a student about a preferred topic (or about the subject/topic-currently learning)


  • Compose and hand write the text (mark their place every minute) for 10 minutes
  • Indicate on the "Likert Scale" their current feelings on "handwriting"

Dictation

Speech Recognition

Speak in phrases or sentences
Must be able to multi-task and understand the writing process

Must be done every day to allow for practice


Testing for dictation readiness:

http://bit.ly/srguide


  • Trying it
  • Teaching it
  • Assessing skills
  • Scaffolding
  • Independence

Tools and Apps

  • Give "guided notes" where students can plug in the information
  • Evernote- great for organization
  • - can annotate on top of PDF and allow for voice recording
  • Notability- Great for typing, writing, importing, and voice recording
  • Audio Note- voice and text
  • Kurzweil- Study tool bar that can be on the desktop (NOT free)
  • Google Docs- great for sharing
  • Paper Port Notes- for . can answer questions verbally and it has speech recognition
  • Co-Writer
  • Speak Q- Great for younger grades
  • Apple Dictation
  • IPhone dictation

Spelling and Spelling Intervention

Spelling MUST Haves

  • Phonological awareness (sounds)
  • Orthography (patterns)
  • Vocabulary
  • Morphology (suffixes, prefixes, roots)
  • Mental Orthographic Representations MGRs (long term memory)

Intervention

(STUDY SHOWS) It makes little to NO difference in typing vs. Hand writing

  • Spelling list should be based on the individual's spelling level
  • "Friday" spelling test does NOT help the overall spelling
  • We need explicit instruction! Without the instruction the gap will widen
  • When given spelling, there will be patterns in the student's misspellings
  • The patterns will choreograph with the "must haves"

Multi-sensory Spelling Strategies

  • Practice a little every day
  • Handwritten and type
  • Use tag board lessons (make "rat" take the "r" out and make "bat")
  • Level the words
  • Make handwriting fun (colors, texture, sizes, placement)
  • "Look-Say-Cover-Write-Check"
  • On computer: "Ginger" an online/desktop spell check
  • Pattern words
  • LIMIT sight words/non-pattern words to small dosages

Handwritting and Spelling

Big image

When to start Keyboarding?

2nd/3rd/4th depending on the kid

"Protocol" for Keyboarding

The same for the Protocol for writing, but with a keyboard

Fluency is more important than hand placement!

  • 1 minute of alphabet writing from memory. Keep repeating the alphabet until the minute is finished
  • 1 minute of copying a sentence. Keep repeating the alphabet until the minute is finished
  • 1 minute of writing a sentence that the teacher dictates
  • 1 minutes of copying a sentence FAST!
STOP and take a break.


Talk to a student about a preferred topic (or about the subject/topic-currently learning)


  • Compose and hand write the text (mark their place every minute) for 10 minutes
  • Indicate on the "Likert Scale" their current feelings on "typing"

Research on Keyboarding

40 words per minute is a myth

  • Typing should be at or above their writing speeds
  • Stronger correlation for quality and fluency when writing on a computer
  • When keyboarding speed is lower than their handwriting, the student demonstrates less proficiency when working on word processing

Keyboarding Instruction

  • Must have explicit instruction on the keyboard
  • Have it daily or as much as you can
  • The instruction needs to be consistent and sequential

The "Diana King" approach method is based on learning the ABC's with a poem/song. Research shows kids can learn keyboarding in 12 weeks a software in 21 weeks

Keyboarding Apps: Big Brown Bear or Dance Mat

Word Processing: computer, ipad, or paper

* creating* not just typing/ writing

It is OKAY to draft on the computer! Teach them how to do it

Compostion

4 Recommendations


  • Allow for a daily time to write
  • Teach the process for a variety of purposes and audiences
  • Teach to be fluent in all forms of writing
  • Have an engaging community


Teach students that you write to learn. Writing will help you learn

Extended Writing Baseline

  • How long can they write ?
  • Before writing talk about a preferred topic. Allow the student to plan what they will write about for about a minute. In the lower level writers, it is okay to help them with graphic organizers.
  • Have the student write for as long as they can. Note every minute interval.

After one minute of the student NOT writing, quit!