The Three Branches of Government

By: Hayden Owens

The Branches

All three branches has their individual power so that they can not overthrow each other and turn the Country into their own. The branches are called Legislative, Judicial, Executive.

Legislative Branch

The Legislative branch, is made up of Congress. Congress writes bills so they can become laws. After Congress writes the bill, it is sent to the President, who can veto or sign it. If he signs it, the bill will become a law.

Characteristics: The Congress has to act UN-biased to run more smoothly.

Congress is comprised of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

The Senate

Qualifications: must be at least 30 years old, must be a citizen of the U.S. for the past 9 years, and they must live in the state they wish to represent.

Length of Term: Six years, but you elect Senators every two years; picture it as there are six senators for the state of North Carolina. They are in groups of two, two retire after six years of service, then two others retire after two more years of service, and two have four years of service left.

Salary: $174,000

House of Representatives

Qualifications: must be at least 25 years of age, must be an American Citizen or have lived here the last 7 years and have to live in the state you wish to represent.

Length of Term: Representatives serve a total of two years, but many are re-elected to serve a doubled total of 4 years.


Executive Branch

The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President, Vice President, and all the cabinet members. They sign bills to make them laws, advise the President, and he is the in war (the president).

The President/Vice President

Qualifications: You have to have been an American citizen, be at least 35 years of age or older.You have to be living in the United States at the time you wish to be President.

Length of Term: four years we re-elect every four years for President and Vice President.

Salary:President $400,000. Vice President $230,700

Cabinet Members

Qualifications: You can't be a sitting governor or a member of Congress. You have to be Chosen by the President at the time, approved by the Senate.

Length of Term: They do not have a length of term, but they can stay as long as the next president chooses them to serve longer.


Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is in charge of the court system and of government is charged with interpreting the laws. The Judicial Branch also deals out the punishments from the laws.


Qualifications: There is no certain qualifications you do not have to be educated and there is no age limit, but you have to be chosen by the president.

Length of Term: They do not have a term they can stay till they retire or die.


Top Ten Cases In Supreme Court

  • Brown vs. Board of Education.
  • Roe vs. Wade
  • Miranda vs. Arizona
  • District of Columbia vs. Heller
  • Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission
  • Plessey vs. Ferguson
  • Bush vs. Gore
  • Lawrence vs. Texas
  • Dred Scott vs. Sanford

(At bottom) link to website for them explained

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I did not take any pictures I copied them of Google. I got a lot of the information off of Google also