Canada 2060 Assignment

What will Canada look like in 2060?


The current Immigration, Demographic and First Nations has shape the world we are living today but we need to consider of what are bound to occur in the time ahead. As Canada's future will continuously keep changing due to our present years, so we can not exactly predict of what will occur in the future . Even learning these factors will not give us a precise look of what will take place in the future, but we can predict based on the information we have in the past and present. To this day we can predict what it will look like in 2060.


An immigrant is someone who moves to live in a foreign country. There is 4 types of immigrants independent/economic immigrants, family class immigrant, business immigrant and refugees.

People choose to immigrate to Canada for different beneficial reasons. Some of the reasons are many job opportunities for experienced workers. Citizens getting free health care and education. Also freedom and diversity taking a huge role for immigrants coming to Canada.

Immigration have both benefit for Canada population and immigrants. Canada needed to accept immigrants to cover for jobs areas that needed to be filled and replace aging citizens with young experienced workers. To the fact Canada population is shrinking and employers having difficulty fulfilling high demand jobs.Canada accepting most of its immigrants from all over Asia and still to this day accepting more. Some of the top countries immigrating to Canada's are from China, United States and Pakistan and we possibly expect more in the future. As studies shows, immigrants as a group has been better than Canada from the past years.

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Canada is recognized for the highest immigration intake. On average accepting 250,000 immigrants have been set far too high for the last 24 years. The graph found in shown on the top have affected the intake of immigrants over the years. The factors that might of affected these are the Great Depression and World Wars.

Push factors for immigrants that forced them to come to Canada are ex. threat of war, poverty, no jobs, no education, no healthcare and more. According to facts cited from many immigrants coming to Canada are from Asia. About 79% of the immigrants came from Asia, 11% coming from Europe, 6% coming from America and only 4% coming from Africa. All immigrants, 23% family class, 63% economic immigrants, 11% refugees and 3% others. Also 7 out of 10 decided to settle in either Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver. Most of these immigrants usually settled in these 3 areas are usually because it is nearest from country they are coming from, big cities or warm climate.

In 2060, I predict that our birth rate will be declining since women are not deciding to have children. Which means that we do not have enough populations to replace ourselves for the future generations. Also I figure that our immigration rate will soon double and later we will still have immigrants coming from Asia, since in the present 79% of immigrants are coming to Canada.

Demography of Canada

There are a couple of factors that will affect our future population such as birth rate and death rate and immigration. The first factor is natural increase of birth rate and death rate.The natural increase is the comparison between birth rate and death rate and the change over time is based on fertility and mortality as it also connects to the age structure of how it evolves. For deaths, all scenarios result to a moderately steady increase, which would prolong at the end of the period. Seen below is the population growth from 1971-2061, provided by According to the medium growth, the number of death would double in an instant: it would go from 243,500 in 2009 375,400 in 2035, elevated at 487,100 in 2058 then decline to 486,900 in 2060. The number of deaths would correspond the increase of the population as well as its aging. It would rise up greatly as countless numbers of baby boomers reaches the advanced ages, associated with high fatality.

Later, the growth in the number of death would decline, marking the end of baby boomers. As the generation of baby boomers will have nearly disappeared from the Canadian population. The youngest of the group born in 1965 will be turning 96 years as baby boomers will have greatly formed into Canada's demographic landscape. Also, if the intensity of pregnancy is controlled nonstop, the numbers of birth depends on changes in the numbers of women of birth age. The numbers increasing to start the projection in the medium and high growth. Next, the numbers of births tend to balance before starting its increase again. However it is most importantly to not disrespect the impact of immigration because a large amount of them are on their birth age which will have a positive outcome on the numbers.

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First Nations, Metis and Inuit

Aboriginals peoples can be considered as 3 region: First Nations, Inuit and Metis. They have maintain to shape the land into the country we have today.

Compared to the overall Canadian population the First Nations population are younger and growing at a faster rate. While the predictions indicate that these populations will continue to have a high fertility and growth rate than Canadian rate in the near future and over the years rates will start to decrease due to decline in fertility and larger proportion will age. They are increasing more than the non-native population of Canada. Seen below is the graph of aboriginal compare to the non-aboriginal from, we can see that there are less people aging compare to the non aboriginal community and a greater amount of children in the first nations group than the non aboriginal. Although to the fact that the aboriginal population having a lower life expectancy, which leads to its population dying out much rapidly than the non aboriginal population.
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Recently the total number of aboriginal people living in Canada urban centers has developed substantially. Especially in larger cities, the aboriginal population had more than double the size. For ex. in Winnipeg and Manitoba, the aboriginal population almost reaching 68,000 or 10% of the population-about 4 times higher than it was 25 years ago. In coming years I can predict that the First Nations will have a higher life expectancy and the First nation population will soon be doubling the amount of population we have in the present-day.


At last, we for sure can not predict the future because the actions we are doing in the present will change the future but we know for sure that Canada will develop and do better in the future. As in the future Canada will experience population declining since the populations are aging and baby boomers has nearly disapeared in Canadian population. While the First Nations is increasing due to younger population and growing at a fast rate. We will experience our Birth Rate decreasing and Immigration Rate increasing near the future.
What Canada will look like in 2063

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Work Cited

Michelle Muliana

Canada in 2060 by Michelle Muliana