North American Natives

Kristen Reynolds

Anasazi & Adena tribes

Anasazi: In the Anasazi tribe the would build dams, ditches, and canals to trap the rain from tops of mesa and channel to gardens on the canyons floor. Their houses were made from adobe and stone. They were multi-storied, apartments-like, and and they lived along walls,and cliffs or large plazas. The heart of the civilization in Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonito. Where there was a massive complex of more than 1,000 people. From there they built roads for trading networks. The Craftsmen made turquoise Jewelry, they would wove baskets (black and white), and pottery. Heavily influenced art and architecture of the late groups of the Hopi and Zuni (the two largest Pueblo groups today.) It left many droughts.

Adena: The adena was plainly known as the woodlands people. They lived in Ohio Valley region around 700 BC. The people there would plant squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley. They create fine copper jewelry and fine pottery. Elaborate burial mounds made up of log structures covered by piles of earth.


The Hopewell and Mississippians Tribes

Hopewell: The Hopewell tribe was known as the Eastern Woodlands people. They arrived in Ohio Valley around 300 BC. They would build mounds that were 40 feet high and 100 feet wide. People have found artifacts and they have discovered that they had a Trade Network. The Adena and Hopewell tribes were called the "mound builders"

Mississippian: The Mississippians arrived at the Mississippi valley by 800 AD. They grew lots of crops and they would grow beans to increase the population. The increase of population made them need more land to farm. Some cities had more than 10,000 people. The largest city was Cahokia. In the city of Cahokia was the largest mound of 100 feet high and 14 acres wide. Surrounding the mound was 120 other small mounds.