Heart Disease and Cancer

by Jessica Herrick

What are they?

Conditions such as those that affect your heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, are all considered forms of heart disease.
is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body.

How to prevent heart disease?

Don't smoke or use tobacco

This is the most significant risk factor. Chemicals in tobacco can damage your heart and blood vessels, leading to narrowing of the arteries. Carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke replaces some of the oxygen in your blood. This increases your blood pressure and heart rate by forcing your heart to work harder to supply enough oxygen.

Exercise for 30 minutes a day

Physical activity helps you control your weight and can reduce your chances of developing other conditions that may put a strain on your heart, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.

Eat a healthy diet

A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help protect your heart. Beans, other low-fat sources of protein and certain types of fish also can reduce your risk of heart disease. Limiting certain fats you eat also is important. Try to keep saturated fat to no more than 10 percent of your daily calories.

How to prevent Cancer?

Protect yourself from the sun

Skin cancer is one of the most common kinds of cancer — and one of the most preventable.
-Avoid mid-day sun because that is when the suns rays are the strongest.
-Use sunscreen. Use generous amounts and apply often.
-Avoid tanning beds and tanning lamps. These are just as damaging as the sun.

Get regular medical care

Regular exams and screenings for various types of cancer can increase your chances of discovering cancer early, when treatment is most likely to be successful.

Maintain healthy diet and healthy weight

Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and limit fat. Healthy selections can help reduce risk but cannot guarantee prevention. Maintaining a healthy wight can lower risk, also. As a general goal, include at least 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine.

Healthy recipes


  1. In a medium-size mixing bowl, combine tomatoes, onion, cilantro, garlic, lime juice, tomatillo, and salt to taste. Mix well. Add 1/2 of the jalapeno pepper, and taste. If you desire your salsa with more of a kick, add the remaining 1/2 jalapeno. If you are satisfied with the salsa's heat, do not add the remaining jalapeno pepper. Cover the salsa, and chill until ready to serve.


-4 chopped tomatoes

-1 onion chopped

-1/2 cup chopped fresh cilantro

-3 cloves garlic minced

-1 tablespoon lime juice

-1 tomatillo, diced

-salt to taste

-1 jalapeno pepper, minced


"Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic." Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.

"Salsa." Allrecipes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.