Schizophrenia

What is it?

Defineniton of schizophrenia

Diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia: A. Characteristic symptoms: Two (or more) of the following, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1-month period(DSM IV)

Sub types

They four sub types of schizophrenia are. Paranoid,Disorganized,Catatonic,Undifferent.

What is the prevalence of Schizophrenia

In the U.S there are a recorded 2000 cases per year. That means 1.2% percent of Americans will be diagnosed with schizophrenia. 1% of the world's population will have schizophrenia. The main group that is diagnosed is young males around 18-25, And young women around 30.

What is the cause of schizophrenia

The main cause of Schizophrenia is Genetics.

Some symptoms include:

  • Change in friends
  • Drop in grades or work
  • Sleep problems
  • Hallucination
Treatment options include:

  • Anti psychotic medications
  • psychotherapy

Case study – Clive’s story

“I was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in 1994 and spent 10 years on a yearly cycle of being picked up by the police, sectioned, forcibly prescribed medication which made my life unliveable in every case, being released, absconding or escaping, stopping my medication (sometimes covertly), going drinking every night gradually getting ill again over the rest of the year etc. There was no involvement in decision making until towards the end of this time when a new CPN got me on her caseload. She initially tried to treat me without medication, which did not work as I got ill again but it did work in that it built a bit of a therapeutic relationship, as did her overt monitoring of my side effects. The big change came in 2004 when the hospital managers released me and, seeing as none of them was a doctor and they had trusted me with my freedom, I went to my GP and asked him to prescribe me the drug the patient in the bed next to me had been on, reporting to me no side effects. It suited me too and I have avoided hospital since. I am aware there is now a new gym on the ward and that staff are better aware of the damage side effects can do (e.g. akathisia is linked with suicide). Looking back over the years only a few nurses really shone for me but shine they did and they shared my joy at release. All in all though what I experienced was a very dangerous psychiatric assault course where most of the danger to my wellbeing and life itself was from the treatment for my illness and specifically the side effects of the drugs for it, at least up until I got this one on its own. I have never had any psychological therapy: I had to make my own up by writing my book entitled Looking for Prince Charles's Dog.” -http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/mediacentre/pressreleases2012/nationalauditofschizophreni/casestudies.aspx