ALBINISM

Gabby B. and Chloe M.

Definition of Albinism

It is a disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. There bodies aren't able to make a normal amount of melanin. Melanin is the chemical that is responsible for eye, skin, and hair color. So most people with Albinism have pale skin, hair, and eyes.

Symptoms of Albinism

The symptoms are usually but not always...
  • Loss of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
  • Crossed eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Impaired vision or blindness

What Causes Albinism?

The body isn't able to make a normal amount of Melinan, which is the chemical that is responsible for eye, skin, and hair color. It is a mutation, it is recessive, and its found on chromosome 11.

How is Albinism Treated?

Young children may need glasses while other children may need bifocals. They need to protect their skin and eyes from the sun because they are sensitive to light. There is no effective medical treatment for albinism yet today.

prognosis

People with Albinism have a greater chance of getting skin cancer and will have vision problems and possibly go blind. Only some types of Albinism can affect the life span an example is Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome with this type they're more likely to have bleeding problems and diseases of the lungs.

diagnosis

A complete diagnostic work up includes a:


  • Physical exam
  • Description of changes in pigmentation
  • Thorough exam of eyes
  • Comparison of pigmentation to family members

    Albinism can bee diagnosed prenatally, only if the parents have had a child diagnosed with Albinism and only through DNA research and in this case cells in the fluid are examined to see if they have an Albinism gene from each parent.

How many and what type of people are likely to have Albinism?

One person in 17,000 has some type of Albinism. It depends on what type of Albinism a person has to decide weather it is more common in gender or race it is most common in.

Fun Facts

  • It is inherited
  • It increases the chance of getting skin cancer
  • There is no cure
  • They have a greater chance of going blind

Bibliography

  • Google.com
  • Kidshealth.org
  • Mayoclinic.org
  • Dnalc.org
  • Visionfortomorrow.org
  • Emedicine.medscape.com
  • Home-remidies-for-you.com
  • Askville.Amazon.com
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