ADHD/ADD

By Ria Makkar and Jasneet Sahota

What is ADD/ADHD?

Attention deficient hyperactive disorder (ADHD) or attention deficient disorder (ADD) is a disorder that makes it difficult for people to inhibit their spontaneous responses (responses that can involve anything from speech to attentiveness).

Symptoms/Characteristics

Typically the signs of ADHD appear before the age of seven. However, sometimes it can be difficult to differentiate between attention deficient disorder (ADD) and “normal kid behavior.” It is more commonly diagnosed in boys than girls.


Three Primary Characteristics of ADD/ADHD:

- inattentive (but not hyperactive or impulsive)

- hyperactive and impulsive (but able to pay attention)

- Inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive (most common form of ADD/ADHD)


Symptoms:

-doesn't pay attention to details

-easily distracted

-does not listen when spoken to

-has trouble staying organized/planning ahead of finishing projects/assigments

-gets bored with a task before completing it

-constantly fidgeting and squirming

-talks excessively

-has difficulty playing quietly or relaxing

-may have a quick temper

-acts without thinking

-intrudes on other peoples conversations and games

-inability to keep powerful emotions in check

-says the wrong thing at the wrong time

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Causes of ADD/ADHD

-No single cause

-Deficiency of Dopamine

-Genetic characteristics

-Women who smoke or drink have a higher chance to produce a child with this disorder

-Exposure to harmful toxins

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Impact of the Illness

Difficulties in:

-Home

-School

-Work

-relationships


These difficulties can lead to drug and substance abuse.

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Support Systems

Also there are support groups for parents of children with ADHD because it is not easy to take care of a kid that is much different than the rest. Two national and support and advocacy organizations, CHADD and the Attention Deficit Disorder Association sponsor networking and educational events. It is very easy to get into these groups/ events as you can just show up and there’s no specific process you must go through to get there.


-Teachers can also play a very big part in it by giving extra time to their students and working with them outside of school


-Parents can also go to their guidance counselors and ask if there are any programs for their children

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References


ADD / ADHD in Children. (n.d.). Retrieved December 11, 2015, from http://www.helpguide.org/articles/add-adhd/attention-deficit-disorder-adhd-in-children.htm

ADHD and ADD Symptoms: Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Impulsivity. (n.d.). Retrieved December 11, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/guide/adhd-symptoms

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - Causes . (n.d.). Retrieved December 11, 2015, from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/pages/causes.aspx

Causes of ADHD. (n.d.). Retrieved December 11, 2015, from http://www.myadhd.com/causesofadhd.html

Support Groups for Parents of Children with ADHD. (n.d.). Retrieved December 11, 2015, from http://www.additudemag.com/adhd/article/2535.html

What Causes ADHD. (n.d.). Retrieved December 11, 2015, from http://www.m.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/adhd-causes

What Causes Attention Deficit Disorders? (n.d.). Retrieved December 11, 2015, from http://www.everydayhealth.com/adhd/what-causes-adhd.aspx

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