What are human rights?
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or other status distinction. all have the same human rights without any discrimination. These rights are interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
universal human rights are often referred to in law and guaranteed by it, through treaties, customary international law, or refrain from acting in a certain way in others, to promote and protect human rights and freedoms fundamental of individuals or groups.
Universal and inalienable
The principle of the University of human rights is the cornerstone of the international law of human rights. This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, has been withdrawn in numerous conventions, declarations and resolutions on human rights, at the World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna in 1993, for example, it was decided that all states had the duty, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems, to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms.
All States have ratified at least one, and 80 percent of them four or more of the major human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States to establish legal obligations undertake to comply, and giving the concept of a concrete expression of universality. Some fundamental human rights norms enjoy universal protection under customary international law Travex all boundaries and civilizations.
Human rights are inalienables.No should be deleted, except in certain situations and according to due process. For example, you can restrict the right to freedom if a court finds a perosna is guilty of committing a crime.
Interdependent and indivisible
All human rights, whether civil and political rights such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to work, social security and education; or collective rights, including the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent rights. Advancing one facilitates the advancement of the other. Likewise, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others.
Equal and non-discriminatory
Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law. It is present in all major human rights treaties and is the focus of some international conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.
The principle applies to all persons in relation to all human rights and freedoms, and prohibits discrimination on the basis of a non-exhaustive list of categories such as sex, race, color, and so on. The principle of non-discrimination is complemented by the principle of equality, as stipulated in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights".
Rights and obligations
Human rights include both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, protect and fulfill human rights. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with the enjoyment of human rights, or limit them. The obligation to protect requires States to prevent abuses of human rights against individuals and groups. The obligation to fulfill means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. At the individual level, and we must enforce our human rights, we must also respect the human rights of others.