Who is in it?
- The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court Justices include:
- Chief Justice John G. Roberts
- Justice Clarence Thomas
- Justice Antonin Scalia
- Justice Anthony M. Kennedy
- Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
- Justice Sonia Sotomayor
- Justice Stephen G. Breyer
- Justice Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
- Justice Elena Kagan
"The Current Court." The Supreme Court Historical Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2015.
How do you become a member?
- The President nominates someone to become a Supreme Court Justice
- He consults with advisers before making his decision
2: Special Review
- The President submits his nomination to the Senate for a vote
- The Judiciary Committee questions the nominee about his/her experience, personality, and opinions on major legal and political issues
- The President must choose another nominee if the majority of the Judiciary Committee votes against the nominee
3: The Senate Votes
- The Senate debates the nomination if the Judiciary Committee approves the nominee
- Senators look very closely at a nominee's background because the nominee is a Justice for life if elected.
4: Taking a Seat
- The nominee is confirmed if he/she gets more than half the votes in the Senate
- The nominee takes a sacred oath to uphold the Constitution
"Road to the Supreme Court." Road to the Supreme Court. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2015.
What do they do?
- The Constitution gives them the power to check the actions of the President and Congress
- The Supreme Court is the final judge in cases involving laws of Congress and the Constitution
- Of the 5,000 requests for hearing, the Court will only agree to hear fewer than 150
- The ruling of the lower court stands if the Court decides not to hear the case
- When the officer of the Court bangs his gavel, the people in the courtroom stand and the nine justices walk through a red curtain and sit in nine tall chairs
- The justices listen to the lawyers from their chairs and interrupt to ask the lawyers questions
- The Chief Justice bangs his gavel, rises from his seat, and leads all the other justices out of the courtroom
- The justices meet around a large table in a locked, guarded room
- The Supreme Court has used the power to review the laws and judge whether they were allowed under the Constitution
"The Role of the Supreme Court | Scholastic.com." Scholastic Teachers. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.
What types of cases do they hear?
- Appellate Jurisdiction
- Original Jurisdiction
examples of appellate jurisdiction:
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to review and change decisions made by lower courts. Some examples of this are...
- A school district is accused of racial discrimination
- A person that is charged with murder claims that the death penalty is unconstitutional
- A citizen sues to prevent state funds from being used by religious schools
examples of original jurisdiction:
Original jurisdiction is the power to hear a case for the first time. Some examples of this are...
- New York and New Jersey dispute the rights of navigation on the Hudson River
- A Russian diplomat claims certain rights under a new treaty