Lyme Disease

By Katie Emery

What is Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is a disease when an infected deer tick transmits the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi into animals and humans by biting them. If untreated, the bacterium travels through the bloodstream and establishes itself in various body tissues and can cause many different symptoms and illnesses, in which can be severe.

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LD is an inflammatory disease that affects the skin, joints, and nervous system. If LD is caught ASAP it could be treated and cured, however, LD is always in your body system and bloodstream afterwards.

Connections

I chose to research this topic because my mom was diagnosed with LD in 2010 and has had it since. She has been on many different antibiotics since then but it is still pretty bad. The LD has given her a couple other problems such as Babesiosis which is a co-infection from Lyme. Also, it seemed like a very interesting topic to find out more about.

Who is affected?

Any gender can get it

Any age person could be affected

No specific race is prone to it

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Most likely to get LD in heavily wooded and grassy areas.

Which body systems are affected?

The body systems affected are mostly the nervous (brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all the nerves that connect these organs with the body) system, and the skeletal (joints) system, although the integumentary (skin) system is affected as well.

Signs and Symptoms

When the body is working normally, your joints are average size and with LD your joints are very swollen and may begin to stop working because your nerves cannot respond anymore.

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Stiff joints

Numb hands/ fingers

Rash

Flu-like symptoms

High blood pressure

Chills

Fatigue

Later signs and symptoms include---

Joint pains

Neurological problems

Diagnosis

LD is diagnosed by----

Medical history

Physical exam

Blood tests (may take 4-6 weeks to show up positive in a blood test)


Treatment

There isn't really any way to 'cure' Lyme.

The main treatment is antibiotics.

Another thing some doctors prescribe are herbs.

Life expectency?

Lyme disease isn't a life threatening disease.

Bibliography

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Nov. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/Lyme/>.

"Diagnosis and Treatment of LD." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 10 Jan. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/diagnosistesting/index.html>.

"Lyme Disease." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Nov. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/>.

"Lyme Disease Symptoms and Treatment." WebMD. WebMD, 17 Jan. 0075. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://www.webmd.com/rheumatoid-arthritis/arthritis-lyme-disease>.

"Signs and Symptoms of LD." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 11 Jan. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/signs_symptoms/index.html>.