1750 - 1900
History of the world starting at 1750 - 1900
Qing dynasty vs the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace , around 20-30 million killed in action and millions displaced around China.
It started on 1-1-1851 by the Qing launching an attack against the God worshipping society in the town of Jintian, Guangxi.
China vs Britain and started by the British trying to remedy a trade deficit with China by hooking the country on Opium, and tensions rose as more people became Opium addicts, eventually leading out to all - out warfare.
The primary catalyst for the Opium Wars was Lin Zexu , a scholar and official of Qing Dynasty.
Western Powers vs Everyone Else , starting with the rise of nationalism and anti - imperialism in the 1920s.
Self- Strengthening Movement
Government vs People
Beginning in 1898, groups of peasants in northern China began to band together into a secret society known as I-ho ch'üan ("Righteous and Harmonious Fists"), called the "Boxers" by Western press. Members of the secret society practiced boxing and rituals (hence the nickname, the "Boxers") which they believed would make them invincible to bullets.
At first, the Boxers wanted to destroy the Ch'ing dynasty (which had ruled China for over 250 years) and wanted to rid China of all foreign influence (which they considered a threat to Chinese culture).
The 1911 Revolution that destroyed the Qing Dynasty. It is also known as the Xinhai Revolution after the year on the Chinese calendar.
This eventually led to the Rebublic of China. The revolution started by constant disputes over railway ownership but increased into a full out revolt that ended up killing around 200,000 people.
The Sick Man of Europe
Sultan Abd al- Hamid II
He was also involved with the Young Turks which was a political reform movement in the early 20th century, favoring replacement of the absolute monarchy of the Ottoman Empire with a constitutional monarchy . Later, their leaders led a rebellion against the absolute rule of the Sultan in the 1908 Young Turker Rebillion