1750 - 1900

History of the world starting at 1750 - 1900

Taiping Uprising

Also known as the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was a massive rebellion in 1850-1864 . Started by the leadership of Hong Xiuquan, who announced that he had received visions in which he learned he was the younger brother of Jesus and was chosen by God to establish a heavenly kingdom upon earth and replace the corrupt Machu Qing dynasty.

Qing dynasty vs the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace , around 20-30 million killed in action and millions displaced around China.

It started on 1-1-1851 by the Qing launching an attack against the God worshipping society in the town of Jintian, Guangxi.

Opium Wars

Two wars in the mid 19th century involving Anglo- Chinese disputes over trade in China and China's sovereignty during 1839- 1842 and 1856-1860.

China vs Britain and started by the British trying to remedy a trade deficit with China by hooking the country on Opium, and tensions rose as more people became Opium addicts, eventually leading out to all - out warfare.

The primary catalyst for the Opium Wars was Lin Zexu , a scholar and official of Qing Dynasty.

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Unequal Treaties

Any series of treaties signed with Western powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries by the Qing dynasty in China and late Tokugawa Japan after suffering military defeat by foreign powers.

Western Powers vs Everyone Else , starting with the rise of nationalism and anti - imperialism in the 1920s.

Self- Strengthening Movement

During 1861-1895 was a period of institutional reforms initiated in China during the late Qing dynasty following a series of military defeats and concessions to foreign powers;

Government vs People

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Boxer Uprising

Beginning in 1898, groups of peasants in northern China began to band together into a secret society known as I-ho ch'üan ("Righteous and Harmonious Fists"), called the "Boxers" by Western press. Members of the secret society practiced boxing and rituals (hence the nickname, the "Boxers") which they believed would make them invincible to bullets.

At first, the Boxers wanted to destroy the Ch'ing dynasty (which had ruled China for over 250 years) and wanted to rid China of all foreign influence (which they considered a threat to Chinese culture).

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Chinese Revolution

The 1911 Revolution that destroyed the Qing Dynasty. It is also known as the Xinhai Revolution after the year on the Chinese calendar.

This eventually led to the Rebublic of China. The revolution started by constant disputes over railway ownership but increased into a full out revolt that ended up killing around 200,000 people.

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The Sick Man of Europe

Used to described the Ottoman Empire or in present day Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. Used to taunt the Ottomans of their power and how the Ottomans were weak in power compared to the Europeans during 1800-1900.
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Young Ottomans

The Young Ottomans was a Turkish nationalist group formed in Istanbul in June 1865. They believed that the current government in Turkey was no longer helpful for the people and insisted that a new government be put in place. The main issue that the Young Ottomans had was that the current government was made in the multi-ethnic and multi-linguistic Ottoman Empire and not just a Turkish State. The group was kept a secret group because it was in direct opposition to the current government.
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Sultan Abd al- Hamid II

The 34th caliph, and the last caliph to have complete control of Islam, regining in 1876-1902. He oversaw the decline of the Ottoman Empire.

He was also involved with the Young Turks which was a political reform movement in the early 20th century, favoring replacement of the absolute monarchy of the Ottoman Empire with a constitutional monarchy . Later, their leaders led a rebellion against the absolute rule of the Sultan in the 1908 Young Turker Rebillion

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Tokugawa Japan

Japan’s Tokugawa (or Edo) period, which lasted from 1603 to 1867, would be the final era of traditional Japanese government, culture and society before the Meiji Restoration of 1868 toppled the long-reigning Tokugawa shoguns and brought the country into the modern era. Tokugawa Ieyasu’s dynasty of shoguns presided over 250 years of peace and prosperity in Japan, including the rise of a new merchant class and increasing urbanization.