Providing Fresh Drinking Water

For Third-World Countries

Why is this a Problem?

According to

  • 884 million people in the world lack access to safe water supplies

  • 3.5 million people die each year from water related diseases

  • In developing countries women and girls walk on average 3.5 miles per day to fetch water. This means they spend 15 hours a week gathering water.

How do we create clean water?

  • says a common method to rid the water of disease-causing agents and provide safe drinking water includes:

    • Coagulation and Flocculation: This is the first step to clean water, chemicals are put in the water to neutralize the negative charge of dirt and other bad bacteria particles. The chemical bonds with the particles to create floc.

    • Sedimentation: This is when the floc settles down to the bottom of the water supply due to it’s weight.

    • Filtration: Now that all the floc has settled down to the bottom it can be filtered out. Common methods are with gravel, charcoal, and sand.

    • Disinfection: When the all the floc is filtered out a disinfectant is added to the water to kill all the remaining bacteria, viruses, and parasites.

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Water Scarcity

There are two different types of water scarcity that contribute to the lack of clean water in third-world countries. The first is economic scarcity, which is when there is water to be found, there just isn't enough resources to get to it. The second is physical scarcity, this is a bigger problem because physical scarcity is where water is simply, not there. When this is the issue, it is takes many resources to be able to provide the people in these areas with clean water.

The Solution:)

Overall, in order to be able to increase our ability to provide fresh drinking water to third-world countries, more money, supplies, and volunteers are needed. With more of these things, organizations like "The Water Project", will be able to spread their help throughout more areas. We will be able to bring more of the products like the "Life Straws" to the people in third-world countries and they will be able to help themselves.
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Where you can go to help!

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