Biological and Chemical Weapons

How Have They Impacted Our Society?

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A British Sihk Soldier putting a gas mask on his horse. World War 2

Vocabulary

Chemical Weapons- Chemicals that are weaponized that are used to kill or injure life forms.

Biological Weapons- Biological organisms like bacteria or viruses that are weaponized to kill or injure life forms

Rules of Engagement- Rules set up by a high power in society of warfare to protect people/territory that shouldn't be involved.

The Rules

After World War One ended, the world agreed to enact an end of using Biological and Chemical Weapons. This happened with the Geneva Protocol in 1925 banning in their words " asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and bacteriological methods of warfare". This was one of the first times in history when the world came together to agree upon one problem.

World War One

Chemical Weapons of War were used very frequently in World War 1. The first gas attack in World War 1 happened on April 22nd, 1915 about a year after the war started in 1914. It was during the battle of Ypres by the Germans facing the French. Two French Divisions were all destroyed.

Demographics

Casualties: 1% of all World War 1 Deaths

Tear Gas: 0% of Deaths by Chemicals

Chlorine: Around 1,100 deaths

Phosgene: 85% of Deaths by Chemicals

Mustard Gas: 2%-3% of deaths by chemicals

Biological Weapons

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Examples of Major Biological Weapon Agents

10 Terrifying Bio Weapons

Chemical Weapons

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Examples of Chemical Weapons

Recent Attacks

January 23rd, 2015

Islamic Militants attacked Kurdish Soldiers with Chlorine Gas

March 27th- April 22nd 2014

Syrian Militants attacked Civilians with Chlorine and suspected other gasses

August 21st, 2013

Syrian Militants attacked Civilians with Sarin Nerve Gas

Fighting Bio-Chemical Weapons

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1925 Geneva Protocol

This was the official international agreement by all higher powers to stop the use and distribution of Biological and Chemical Weapons of War

What Happens if There is an attack in our area?

- Unlikely to occur in our area

-vacate to a red cross facility or shelter as soon as possible

- own a gas mask

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