Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. She was born August 31, 1870, Chiaravalle, Itally
Maria Montessori was the founder of the Montessori Method which is a method of education that is based on self-directed activity, hands-on learning and collaborative play. In her classrooms children make creative choices in their learning, while the classroom and the teacher offer age-appropriate activities to guide the process.
An example of the Montessori method would be letting a child do a learning activity that is self directed and hands on.