A Day in The Life of A Diabetic

Lexie Rowell

Background of the disease

Type 1 diabetes is when your not producing insulin because the cells in your pancreas called beta cells that would usually produce insulin are destroyed. They are destroyed when your body mistakes the cells as a virus causing the immune system to kill it.

Type 1 diabetes is Hereditary, meaning the genes have been passed down by family. Parents to child.

Basic dietary recomendations

Now that you have been diagnosed You may be wondering what you can eat and what you can't. You can still eat things like candy and have soda you would need to limit the intake, you would also need to watch your levels more closely. Nutrition is very important now, high in fat meals like pizza can still be eaten but you would only eat these occasionally since high in fat is harder to breakdown. You don't have to buy special foods for you now, you can still make meals that any other person would eat, meaning you need lots of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and a low concentration of sweets and fats.

Some specifics you want to avoid are

- Coffee Drinks, high carbs

- Cinnamon rolls , high in carbs

- store purchased cookies ,high in carbs

- processed meats, lots of sodium

- most frozen meals, high in fat and sodium

Carbohydrates are very important for a diabetic since it can effect your blood sugar. Foods that contain carbs are foods like crackers,beans,peas,fruits,pasta and rice. Your dietitian can help you determine the number of carbs you need to have a day, you should try and eat the same number of carbs a day, eat snacks, avoid skipping meals.

Monoritorng and treatment

Monitoring: A glucose meter is your biggest tool when checking your blood sugar levels. This will tell you weather your levels are high or low, or normal. You may ask your doctor how frequently you will need to check, most will check any where from four to eight times a day.

Treatment: their are multiple ways to help treat your diabetes and help keep it under control

  • Taking your insulin
  • carbohydrate counting
  • frequent blood sugar monitoring
  • exercising enough ( healthy weight) Their are different types of insulin available like
  • Rapid-acting
  • intermediate
  • long-acting Choosing an insulin program can sound overwhelming , but with the help of your doctor you will be able to choose which is right for you.
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Exercise /Life Style

Even if you don't have diabetes exercise is still very important for everyones overall health. How your glucose levels respond to exercise is dependent on your levels before starting your workout or exercise, intensity or how hard your working, how long you are exercising for , as well as any changes in your insulin dosage. Some people will have a drop in blood sugar when they work out or after they do. So it's important that if this is you , you take the right precautions. If you dont know hoe exercise effects you personally you could frequently check your glucose before, during , and after.

Some people will experience high blood glucose, this is caused when the intensity increases your stress hormones. your team of doctors will help you find the right balance of diet,exercise, and insulin dosage.

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Biomedical fields who can help

  • there are multiple fields that can help you with your diabetes here are just a few.
  • Nutritionist/Dietitian- Are certified in food nutrition , they help plan a diet fit for each person. They can help you develop a good diet plan and help you get the right number of carbs you specifically need for your body.
  • Primary care physician- Are family doctors who do regular checkups, care for the patients. They could also be nurse practitioners. one who has training in a disease like diabetes is called an endocrinologist . If your doctor isn't trained he can refer you to someone.Endocrinologist is someone who studies the bodies systems, glands that produce hormones. And the pancreas is a big part in the endocrine system, and insulin is one of the bigger hormones that your body needs.
  • Phycologist- these are people who you can talk to about any pst or present problems with diabetes and they are there to help you through to get to your diabetes goal. can help if your feeling over whelmed to let you know your not alone through this.

Interview With Jennifer Wondera 35 year old , Type 1 Diabetic

  • I asked how old were you when you were diagnosed, she said that she was 22 months old. She has had diabetes for around 33 years.
  • What were some signs or symptoms that your parents noticed- " I was sick all the time with different illnesses, I went to the bathroom a lot, thirst , and i wasn't gaining weight at all".
  • When do you check your glucose- "I check two hours after eating, before breakfast, two hours after breakfast, two hours after lunch, 2 hours after dinner, and before bed".
  • How has your diet changed - " i was diognosed from a young age so i have always been eating healthy, as a kid i couldn't eat things like junk food , dessert in general, no carbohydrates today as well. or i would need extra insulin. i still eat healthy today and i limit the amount of sugars and carbs i have".
  • Did your exercise change/ what is your exercise- " I exercise or workout 4-5 times a week, I like walking, play multiple sports, weights , and i do exercise videos".
  • what kind of doctors do you see- "general physician, endocrinologist , as well as a gastroenterologist".
  • If you knew someone who had just been diognosed what would you tell them to expect-" I would say you will have a lot of up's and down's when you first start out but when you find a way that works for you and it's under control it's easy to manage".

Conclusion questions

  1. in the united states around 25.8 million people have diabetes, in that only 5% have type one the rest type 2, type one will need insulin injections, some type 2 will others can take oral medication, doctor will help prescribe. type 2 can eat pretty much what they usually ate , just not to much of it, or not to much of one group of food, they both need fruits and vegetables type would also need to limit starches. People with type 2 , some will need to test blood sugar but only once or twice a day.
  2. when someone is diognosed , some if they are older will have to make diet changes, like eliminating a lot of carbs or high fats from their diet, sugars as well. when they are diognosed from a young age they learn as they get older sometimes since they have done it from a young age their diet and life style doesn't change unlike when you get diognosed when your older you may have to exercise more stuff like that.
  3. checking blood sugar is very important because it will tell you if it's high,low, or almost normal, so you can take the right amount of insulin , and you can learn what foods make it spike.