By Kaitlyn Rausch
Siddhartha Gautama- the founder of Buddhism
- Lived from 563-483 B.C.
- Divided into three periods
Enquiry: 534-528 B.C.
- left family, wife, and child
- wandered India for six years
- searching for source of suffering and how to end it
- almost died
Four Noble Truths
Second Noble Truth: The cause of all suffering is people’s selfish desire for the temporary pleasures of this world.
Third Noble Truth: The way to end all suffering is to end all desires.
Fourth Noble Truth: The way to overcome such desires and attain enlightenment is to follow the Eightfold Path, which is called the Middle Way between desires and self-denial.
- Mahayana (the greater vehicle)
- Theravada (the teaching of the elders)
Buddha- the enlightened one
Enlightenment- wisdom, understanding
Nirvana- a perfect state of understanding an a break from the chain of reincarnations
Sangha- Buddhist religious order (originally just monks and nuns, now the whole Buddhist community)
Dharma- Buddhist doctrine or teachings
Stupas- sacred mounds that contain the Buddha's relics
Samsara- the cycle of life, death, and rebirth (reincarnation)
Karma- the consequences of our moral actions (closely tied with reincarnation)
- World History Book- Chapter 3
- The Compact Guide to World Religions by Dean Halverson
- World Religion at Your Fingertips by Michael McDowell and Nathan Brown