By: Lauren and Rachel
What are various legends about how volcanoes function?
What is a Volcano?
Shield Volcanoes form from lava that builds up slowly over time.
Cinder Cone Volcano
Cinder Cone volcanoes are made by ash falling around a vent.
Composite volcanoes are made up of layers of ash and cooled lava.
Where Are Volcanoes Formed
Greek Volcano Legend
The legend of Zeus and the typhon
One day a long time ago after the glorious victory of the Olympian gods agents the Titans, mother earth (Gaea) was mad at Zeus because she thought that he had treated he sons, the Titans fairly. So Gaea went to Tartarus (the god of the underworld) to make a horrible, terrifying monster to destroy Zeus and take his place. They then named if Typhoeus (Typhon). The Typhon was hideous and was extremely powerful. He drooled lava and spat fiery rocks.
After he was created he soon attacked the home of the gods, flaming rocks at it, hissing, screaming and gushing streams of fire from its mouth. Zeus went up to the Typhon and he struck him with lightning and thunder chasing the monster up Mt. Casion. Zeus saw that the Typhon was very wounded so he started fighting the monster hand to hand, but then Typhon wrapped Zeus in his “arms” and held him tight and wrestled the lightning bolt out of Zeus’s hands. Then the monster ripped out Zeus’s tendons to his hands and feet. Zeus was captured and taken into the Corycian cave. The Typhon appointed his sister Delphyne (half beast and half maiden).
However, Hermes the son of Zeus managed to put the back into Zeus without being seen. Zeus gained his strength and immediately descended back up into the heavens. On his way he struck the Typhon and took the enormous Mt. Aetna on top of the beast pinning him underneath trapping him there forever. That was the day when Mt. Aetna became an erupting volcano. Every time that volcano erupts it is the Typhon drooling lava and spitting lava rocks.
Legend of Ixtaccihuatl and Popocatepetl
Ixtaccihuatl and Popocaterpetl
Volcano's Ixtaccihuatl and Popocatepetl
Mixtli and Popoca
Popoca carrying Mixtli into the mountains in hope that she will wake up
In the Mountains
Popoca waiting by Mixtli to wake up