Reform movements of the 1800's
By: Lucas Herron
-In 1848, more than 300 women participated in a women's rights convention in Seneca falls, New York.
-Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott had both been ardent abolitionists.
-1820's Abolitionist Movement to free African Americans from slavery arose.
-Leader was a white radical named William Lloyd Garrison.
-Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave that was against slavery, he wrote a book called, "The North Star".
-Nat Turner led a Rebellion called "Turner's Rebellion". Turner led 50 followers in a revolt killing 60 whites. He was caught and then executed.
-Education reformers wanted to improve public schools.
-The greatest reform leader in education was Horace Mann.
-Horace Mann established a number of things such as, teacher training programs, improved curriculum, doubled money Massachusetts spent on schools.
-1st Public University- UNC Chapel Hill (1795)
-Temperance Movement is a movement to reduce the use of alcoholic beverages.
-Alcohol is linked to sickness.
-Poverty and breakup of families.
-The American Temperance Society was an organization whose purpose was to promote temperance while letting drunkards "die off and rid the world of an amazing evil".
Mental Health Reform/Prison Reform
-Dorothea Dix was the greatest reformer for prisoners and the mentally ill.
-She wanted to create separate facilities for both.
-By the time of her death, 100 facilities were established in the US.