Living With Type 1 Diabetes

What to expect after you are diagnosed

What is diabetes exactly?

Type 1 diabetes is a disease that approximately 1.25 million Americans have. Glucose is sugar that is found in food that we use for energy, and insulin is what allows the glucose to enter into the cell to create energy for our body. Type 1 Diabetes is when your pancreas doesn't produce insulin, so the glucose cannot enter your cells through the glucose transport protein to create energy, which results in high blood sugar levels.

What You Should and Shouldn't Eat

What You Should Eat:


  • You should make sure you eat enough fiber, calcium, iron, and Vitamin A and C.
Examples:
  1. Beans
  2. Spinach or Kale
  3. Citrus fruits
  4. Sweet Potatoes
  5. Berries
  6. Tomatoes
  7. Nuts
  8. Chicken
  9. Fish
  10. Eggs
  11. Cheese


What You Shouldn't Eat


  • Foods that are high in cholesterol, sodium, and fats. Also try and eat carbohydrates and proteins in moderation.
  • Examples
  1. Nachos
  2. Coffee Drinks (lots of sugar)
  3. White Bread
  4. French Fries
  5. Cereals with little whole grain and lots of sugar
  6. Canned vegetables with lots of added salt
  7. Sweetened Applesauce

What do you do to monitor your blood sugar levels? What do you do if it's too high or too low?

The normal blood glucose level is between 70 and 150 mg/dl. Use a lancing device/ blood glucose level meter to make sure your blood sugar levels are normal. When you prick your finger, try and prick the side of your fingertip by your fingernail to avoid getting sore spots on the frequently used part of your finger. Also make sure you take your insulin or diabetes pills the doctor prescribed to you. When your glucose level gets over 240 mg/dl. If your blood sugar level is too high you need to exercise. If your blood sugar is above 240 mg/dl, check your urine for ketones. If there is ketones in your urine, DO NOT EXERCISE!! Exercising can increase your blood glucose level even more if you exercise when ketones are present. If your blood glucose levels drops below 70 mg/dl then your levels are too low. If your blood sugar level is too low take action immediately. Eat or drink something with sugar in it, for example a hard candy, juice, or sugar sweetened soda.
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How can exercise help me?

Diabetes respond with more stable blood glucose levels when you exercise daily. You may experience a drop in your blood glucose levels during or after you exercise. Because of this you need to monitor your levels (checking them before, during, and after your exercise session) and be prepared to treat hypoglycemia (eat a carbohydrate or drink juice). Some exercise that helps diabetes is playing on a sports team, hiking, running, working out at a gym. Always remember to balance your insulin doses with the food you eat and the amount of activity that you do.

People You Should See

Primary Care Physician

- What do they do? They normally do general check-ups and treat you when you are sick.

- Why do I need to see them? They can help you come up with a plan for your diabetes if you don't see an endocrinologist and can also refer you to dietitians and other doctors who can help you in your "diabetes walk".

- Physician's Information

Southlake Family Medicine

731 E. Southlake Blvd., Suite 100

Southlake, TX 76092

Telephone: 817-912-8800


Podiatrist

-What do they do? They treat feet and problems in your lower legs.

- Why do I need to see them? Diabetes make poor blood flow and nerve damage in your lower legs more likely to happen. You may also get more infections on your feet easily and sores can turn into serious problems quickly if not treated.

- Podiatrist's Information

Alliance Foot and Ankle

1600 Lancaster Drive, Suite 102

Grapevine, TX 76051

Telephone: 817-481-4000


Ophthalmologist

- What do they do? They diagnose and treat all eye diseases and disorders and they can prescribe glasses or contact lenses.

- Why do I need to see them? Diabetes can affect the blood vessels in your eyes to have problems, but if found early they can be treated.

- Ophthalmologist's Information

Eye Consultants of Texas

2201 Westgate Plaza

Grapevine, TX 76051

Email: info@eyecontx.com

Telephone: 877-516-4364

Resources

Checking Your Blood Glucose (Blood Sugar): American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/checking-your-blood-glucose.html

Diabetic Food List: Best and Worst Choices. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/diabetic-food-list-best-worst-foods

Living With Type 1 Diabetes: American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/recently-diagnosed/living-with-type-1-diabetes.html

Your Health Care Team: American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/whos-on-your-health-care-team/your-health-care-team.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/