ADHD and PRAGMATIC LANGUAGE

BY: Allison Holtz

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What is ADHD?

  • Most commonly diagnosed disorder in children (El Sady, Nabeih, Mostafa, & Sadek, 2013)
  • Neuropsychiatric Disorder
  • Effects attention and hyperactivity
  • 4:1 male to female ratio (NIMH)

What is Pragmatic Language?

  • Social Interactions
  • Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Skills
  • Turn-Taking and Play
  • Having a Conversation/ Topic Maintenance

How Are They Connected?

  • High prevalence of pragmatic difficulties in children with ADHD
  • Social problems reported in 52%-82% of children with ADHD (Staikova, Gomes, Tartter, McCabe, & Halperin, 2013)

ASSESSMENTS

  • Surveys or Questionnaires
  • Behavioral Analyses
  • Standardized Tests
  • TOPL-2, CASL

INTERVENTION

  • Tailored to child
  • Play-Based Intervention
  • Executive Function Therapy
  • Learning how to have a conversation (turn taking, vocal intensity, listening skills)

References

  • National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) [Website]. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/
  • El Sady, S. R., Nabeih, A. A., Mostafa, E. A., & Sadek, A. A. (2013). Language impairment in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in preschool children. Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics, 14(4), 383-389. doi:10.1016/j.ejmhg.2013.05.001
  • Staikova, E., Gomes, H., Tartter, V., McCabe, A., & Halperin, J. M. (2013). Pragmatic deficits and social impairment in children with ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 54(12), 1275-1283. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12082
  • Image 1: ADHD word picture, http://www.foh.hhs.gov/eapnews/consortium/adhd.html
  • Image 2: Children playing, http://www.autism-community.com/autism-spectrum-disorders/classic-autism/