Stability in World War II

Grayson Yingling, Peyton Martin, Lexie Gorham, and Leah Cole


1. the state or quality of being stable

2. firmness in position

3. continuance without change: permanence

The Great Depression-Grayson Yingling

(1929- to early 1940's). (Herbert Hoover from 1929 to 1933, and Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1945.)

October 29, 1929 is the day that the stock market crashed, and the Great Depression officially started. When the stock prices plummeted with no hope and recovery, panic struck. Masses and masses of people tried to see their stock, but no one was buying. The stock market, which had appeared to be the surest way to become rich, quickly became the path to bankruptcy.

Throughout the Depression a lot of people took their lives because all of their life savings were gone. The soup kitchens were constantly full with people who lost their jobs or became homeless from the Depression.

When Roosevelt became the president he came up with a game plan called "New Deal"

He closed the banks to let them re-stabilize, then he would open them back up. The New Deal were a set of programs such as (AAA) which stands for Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the (CCC) which stands for Civilian Conservation Corps, then the (WPA) which stands for Works Progress Administration. The whole idea of this "deal" was to put an end to unemployment.

Facts about the The Great Depression

1.The board game Monopoly, which first became available in 1935, became immensely popular perhaps because players could become rich—at least in their imagination

2.Zippers became widely used because buttons became too expensive

3.The Dust Bowl during the Great Depression led to widespread migration, including 200,000 people who moved to California, most arriving with no money, family, or resources.

4.Before the start of the Great Depression, there were 25,000 banks in the United States. By 1933, almost half of those banks (11,000) had failed.

Stories from the Great Depression

Hitler took over Poland- September 1, 1939- Peyton

Germany invaded Poland. The Polish army was defeated within weeks of the invasion. Hitler was confident that the invasion of Poland would result in a short, victorious war for two important reasons.

When Hitler invaded Poland in September 1939, France and Britain declared war on Germany. After beating Poland, Germany attacked France. France fell in June 1940, and soon the Nazis got out numbered by most of Europe and North Africa. Only Britain, led by Winston Churchill, was not defeated.

Hitler's Takeover Rare Footage (English Subtitles)

Holcaust- Lexie

The Holocaust was the persecution and also murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazis. The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were "unworthy of life." During the era of the Holocaust, the Nazis also were after other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the handicapped, and some of the Other races of people (Poles, Russians, and others).

In 1933, the Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million. By 1945, close to two out of every three European Jews had been killed as part of the "Final Solution" they called it, the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe were exceeded and killed millions more by the end.

-The nazi instigated their first actions against German Jews by announcing a boycott of all Jewish- run business.

-The Nuremberg laws began to exclude Jewish from being in public

Holocaust - World War II

The Dust Bowl

For eight years, violent dust blew across the southern plains, coming as a lethal yellow haze from the south and in rolling walls of black from the north. These relentless dust storms made the simplest tasks, such as eating, breathing, and simply stepping outside impossible. It was all farmers could do but to watch as Mother Nature tore apart their carefully plowed lands and crops, undoing their hard toils in seconds.

The main cause of the Dust Bowl was poor agricultural practices and long years of drought. As the droughts of the early 1930's became more aggressive, farmers continued to plow and plant, however the crops refused to grow. The skies darkened for sometimes days, and even the well-sealed homes had dust gathering in layers on the furniture, as if there had been a snowstorm.

In 1933, Franklin Roosevelt became president, and he quickly declares a four day bank holiday. During this time, Congress created the Emergency Banking Act of 1933, which stabilized the baking industry and gave people faith in the banks. In January of 1935, the government forms the Drought Relief Service to give aid to towns in need. The DRS bought cattle in emergency areas for $14 to $20 each. The remaining cattle were used in food distribution for families nationwide.

In 1938, farmers begin to re-plow their lands, recovering from the harsh storms. In the fall of 1939, the rain finally arrives, bringing an end to the drought. The next few years, the country is pulled out of the Great Depression, and with the coming of World War II, the fields are now full of plentiful wheat.

The Dust Bowl Episode | Uncovering the Dust Bowl | PBS

Essential Questions

1. Using the definitions of stability, how do you think the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl, the Holocaust, and Hitler caused the stability to waver during World War II?

2. If you were a part of the Great Depression, the Holocaust, or the Dust Bowl, how would you attempt to remain stable? What would be your strategy?