Health Concerns

Middle Aged Children

Desiree Davis

Hearing

  • Hearing is usually well developed.
  • By 11 years of age, children have the auditory awareness of adults.
  • Ear infections can be a health problem.
  • The number of ear infections decreases due to structural changes.
  • The Eustachian tube, has changed position by this age.
  • The tube helps prevent bacteria and fluids from moving from the mouth to the ear.
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Vision


  • By age six, most children are ready to read.
  • They can see an object with both eyes at the same time.
  • Their ability to focus improves.
  • Many preschoolers are somewhat farsighted.
  • During the middle years, their close-up vision improves.
  • Throughout middle childhood, nearsightedness is the most common vision problem.
  • It is estimated as many as 25% of children will need to have their vision corrected.

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Teeth

  • During middle childhood, children begin losing their primary or "baby" teeth.
  • First and second graders often have toothless smiles.
  • By age 12, all of the 20 primary teeth will be replaced.
  • Tooth loss can have a psychological effect on some children.
  • They become self-conscious.
  • Calling attention to the change in their appearance may cause them to be uncomfortable.
  • Common health problem is tooth decay.
  • Middle children should have daily checkups.
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Obesity

  • Becoming a common problem among school-age children.
  • A person is considered obese if she/he weighs 20% more than other people their age.
  • Being obese can seriously impact a child's emotional health.
  • Obese children are often teased and ridiculed by their peers.
  • Over-weight children may lack self-esteem.
  • Some obese children may have obese parents.

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