Reconstruction Era

By Tanesha Smith

Thaddeus Stevens

Was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Reconstruction faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s. A fierce opponent of slavery and discrimination against African-Americans, Stevens sought to secure their rights during Reconstruction, in opposition to President Andrew Johnson. As chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee during the American Cilvil War , he played a major part in the war's financing.
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Andrew Johnson

Becomes President in April,1865 when lincoln is assassinated.

Johnson makes a plan called "Johnson Plan" and is known as presidential reconstruction.

Southern states would have to withdraw secession,swear loyalty to union, annual war debts ratify 13th Amendment.

President Johnson was impeached for violating the Tenure of Office Act.

Johnson finished his term with no legitimate power.

Freedman’s Bureau

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, usually referred to as simply the Freedmen's Bureau, was a U.S federal government agency that aided distressed freedman (freed slaves) during the Reconstruction Era of the United States. The Freedman's Bureau Bill, which established the Freedmen's Bureau on March 3, 1865, was initiated by President Abraham Lincoln and was intended to last for one year after the end of the Civil War. The Freedmen's Bureau was an important agency of the early Reconstruction , assisting freedmen in the South. The Bureau was part of the United States Department of War. Headed by Union Army General Oliver O. Howard the Bureau started operations in 1865. Throughout the first year, it became clear that these tasks were more difficult than had been previously believed as conservative Southerners established Black Codes detrimental to African American civil rights.

15th Amendment

The 15th Amendment, granting African-American men the right to vote, was formally adopted into the U.S. Constitution on March 30, 1870. Passed by Congress the year before, the amendment reads: “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Despite the amendment, by the late 1870s, various discriminatory practices were used to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote, especially in the South. After decades of discrimination, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that denied blacks their right to vote under the 15th Amendment.
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