The Civil Rights Movement

How it has contributed the making of equality in the U.S.

Tactics used by Protestors

Most Protesters of the Civil rights movement used Tactics that were peaceful and harmless to those around them. Martin Luther King Jr. was the main peaceful and passive protestor in the movement. He used a tactic, adopted from Gandhi, that was a nonviolent way of disobeying the law in order to force the government to bring change known as civil disobedience. Big example of civil disobedience was Rosa Parks refusal to give up her seat on the bus in Montgomery, which brought the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Another form of civil disobedience led by MLK were the marches into many segregated towns. This peaceful form of protest was used in large numbers and used to break the segregation laws by overcrowding jails so that the laws couldn't be enforced. Marches such as the March on Washington were successful on integration and passing acts such as the National Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Of course not all these protests were exactly peaceful, some violent protesters rose up from the rubble and began to take wrong paths that would lead to unnecessary outbreaks. The major Protestor under this category was Malcom X, a black Muslim who supported violent protests. Assassinations, kidnappings, and physical abuse are all forms of violent protests. many violent protesters though, didn't want to integrate with whites, they wanted to be separate from the whites.

Top Five Events

  1. March on Washington (August 28, 1963) - Great March, led by MLK, was formed to demanded their rights in an civil and economical stance. Over 200,000 people shows up in Washington DC. This was where MLK delivered his "I have a Dream" speech. The success brought the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Desegregation of all schools, and desegregation of jobs and raise of the federal minimum wage from $1.25 to $2.
  2. Project C: Birmingham Campaign (April 3 - May 10, 1963) - A March that
  3. Albany Movement (1961-1962) -
  4. Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 -1956 - Many blacks were infuriated by the arrest of Rosa Parks and began to refuse to ride public transit buses for days after her arrest. Most of the bus riders were African Americans, and the bus company began to lose money and reached many white businesses in downtown Montgomery that were also boycotted in the process. African Americans succeeded, and the boycott Lasted about a year and fifteen days.
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