Hockey

Rules and Regulations of

Players

•Hockey is an 11 a-side game

•They must not play the ball with the back of the stick.

•Field players must not stop, kick, propel, pick up, throw or carry the ball with any part of their body.

•No player is allowed to obstruct an opponent who is attempting to play the ball.

Equipment

For each hockey match, you would need:

  • 1 hockey ball
  • 2 hockey goals
  • 22+ hockey sticks (for both teams)
  • A whistle
  • Corner Flags
  • A hockey field/court
  • 2 sets of goal keeper kit (chest, food, arm and feed pads/guards)

Playing Surface

  • The field of play is rectangular
  • 91.40 metres long
  • 55 metres wide

The playing surface must continue (to create “run-off” areas) for a minimum of:

  • 2 metres at the back-lines
  • 1 metre at the side-lines
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Scoring System

A goal is scored when the ball goes fully behind the goal line and under the cross bar when hit by an attacker within the circle

Health and Safety

  • Must not play the ball with any part of the stick when the ball is above shoulder height
  • However defenders are permitted to use the stick to stop or deflect a shot at goal at any height.
  • No player must approach within 5 metres of an opponent receiving a falling raised ball until it has been received, controlled and is on the ground.
  • During the games the players must not touch, handle or interfere with other players or their sticks or clothing.
  • No jewellery
  • Hair tied back
  • Correct/suitable footwear and Clothing

Officials

  • 2 Umpires
  • Responsible for keeping score and the warning cards during the game
  • Use the whistle to indicate the start and end of a match, a goal being scored or a decision being made.
  • Must not coach during any part of the game

The umpires will also use signals to show what decisions they are making during a match. There are various signals and both the umpires and players must be aware of these for their own benefit during the matches.

3 Situations

Ball Out of Play

When the ball passes over a side line or back line, the umpire should blow his whistle and give a signal to state that the ball is out of play. He will then state which teams ball it is (the team that wasn't last to touch the ball) and they will then take a free pass from where the ball went out.

On a back line pass, if the ball was put out by one of the attacking team on that side, it would be a goal keepers ball. However if one of the defending team or the goal keeper were the last ones to touch it, there would be a corner ball. This means that the attacking team have a free pass from the corner of the field and a potential opportunity to score a goal.

Contact

When contact between two opposing players is made, the umpire will have to watch carefully and make a quick decision. If player that made the contact takes the ball away from the other player, a free pass should be given. This is because they broke the rules to gain the ball.

However if the player that already had the ball, was contacted and kept the ball, then the umpire would just play advantage because it hasn't affected the game and so nothing needs to be done.

If the contact with the same person gets out of hand then the umpire would give various warnings to that player and if they didn't stop, they would be sent off the field and various other things such as a ban from other games may happen depending on the type of league they are in or game they are playing.

Using the Stick Dangerously

Players on the field must hold their stick and not use it in a dangerous way. This means not using it or letting it go above chest height. If a player does this they will be given a warning by the umpire to let them know to keep it below that height as it could be dangerous to other players around them.

If this becomes persistent then the player may be brought off for the rest of the match because of the health and safety aspect for the rest of the players. Therefore this would be the best thing to do for the rest of the game otherwise someone may get hurt. This would occur for anyone who was doing this on the pitch.