SOUTH SUDAN

Aleesha Johnson Juan Estrada Gilbert Ramirez Philip Sowders

SOUTH SUDAN

South Sudan is a newly developed country. Though it is new it is one of the most poorest country, and in-need of desperate help in many things. Today we are going to see South Sudan through the lens of education, food, health system, and history.

Food- Juan Estrada

Sudanese and South Sudanese Food traditions date back thousands of years when their food was influenced by Asia and Europe.

  • Their food recipes developed over several millennia immigration from the Arabian Peninsula have also been influential.
  • South Sudan is much more African tradition than Sudan.
  • South Sudanese drinks are not like any other drinks. their homemade beer is made from grains like maize, millet and sorghum.
  • Their Climate also affect their cuisine, since the climate is varied and there are several biotopes, variations between regions are in accordance.
  • Islam and Arabian cuisine have been used a lot and defined by South Sudan.
  • They use spice and ingredients like turmeric, cumin, cardamom, coriander seeds, nutmeg, garlic, cloves and chili peppers.
  • Trading also influence the cuisine of South Sudan, like Turkey, India and Britain.
  • The typical African bases their typical meal on stiff starchy porridge and a meat and/or vegetable stew.
  • Fish is not eaten in a lot of parts.
  • Meat from camel, sheep goats cattle and chicken is in most frequent use.
  • Lentisls, rice, red onions, peanuts, beans, carrots, sesame seeds and leaf vegetables are typical food receips in Sudanese food.

RECIPES IF YOU ARE INTERESTED (with parent permission of coarse):

  • Kofta(spicy meatballs)
  • Kisra(a very thin bread made with flour and water)
  • Tamia (deep-fried chickpea balls)
  • Jibna salata ( a tomato, cucumber, onion and feta cheese salad)
  • Fuul (a stew with broad beans as main ingredient)
  • Nyaba (a stew made with peanuts and leaf vegetables)
  • Baseema (a sweet cake made with yogurt, coconut and lemon juice)
  • Shaaria ( a dessert made with noodles, sesame oil, sugar and butter)

Health System- Aleesha

Sadly, being it's own country has not benefited the health system:

South Sudan...

  • Is one of the most least developed place in the world. So as you can probably guess, they do not have nearly as much a resources in South Sudan, like they have here.
  • Has the worst maternal mortality rate 112 per 1,000.
  • More than half of the population does not have access to safe drinking.
  • One in five use a health care facility in their lives.
  • A fifteen year old has higher chance of dying in childbirth than completing school.
  • There were only three surgeons serving southern Sudan, with three proper hospitals, and in some areas there was just one doctor for every 500,000 people
  • Has a health system structured with three tiers; Primary Health Care Units (PHCU), Primary Health Care Centers (PHCC) and Hospitals (which exist as either state, county, police or military)
  • Most of the people in south sudan can not afford to go to a health care center
  • International Medical Corps provided basic primary health care to over 745,000 refugees, returnees, and other vulnerable South Sudanese by 48 primary health care facilities
  • ”The government hospitals lack virtually everything, including diagnostic equipment, which the government should be able to purchase with the kind of money they have been wasting” -Patient



History- Philip Sowders


  • Conquered in 1874 by Egypt
  • Britain and Egypt ruled South Sudan together.
  • In the early 20th century, christian missionaries introduced christianity and english to the South Sudan region.
  • In 1953 Sudan obtained the ability to govern itself.
  • However in 1955 a civil war broke out between the North and the South.
  • This war lasted until 1972 and ended with the Addis Ababa Agreement.
  • In 1983 another civil war broke out after the president at the time, Gaafar Mohamed Nimieri ended the Agreement and imposed Islamic rule on South Sudan.
  • In 2002 a ceasefire was called and negotiations began.
  • Even though a ceasefire was called there was still fighting.
  • In 2005 a peace agreement was created, officially ending the war, however fighting continued on a smaller level.
  • In 2011 a referendum to become a separate country passed with a 98.8% majority.
  • There is still conflict over the nations prosperous oil fields as well as the region of Abyei, which lies between the North and the South.



Education-Gilbert Ramirez

Education:

  • In 2011, it is estimated that more than eighty percent of the South Sudanese population cannot read or write
  • Particularly severe for female children
  • Women, from the age of child bearing age, they are more often than not bearing a child
  • Only one schoolchild in four is a girl who is educated enough to write and read
  • 800 primary schools
  • There is a shortage of post- secondary school (university)
  • South Sudan has twelve universities of which seven are public and five are private
  • Twenty-five thousand students have registered at the five public universities
HIVAIDS Education:

  • This country is now fighting against the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Among pregnant women, the HIV rate was then about 3 percent
  • A lot of women and men do not even KNOW about HIV/AIDS.