Aleesha Johnson Juan Estrada Gilbert Ramirez Philip Sowders
Food- Juan Estrada
Sudanese and South Sudanese Food traditions date back thousands of years when their food was influenced by Asia and Europe.
- Their food recipes developed over several millennia immigration from the Arabian Peninsula have also been influential.
- South Sudan is much more African tradition than Sudan.
- South Sudanese drinks are not like any other drinks. their homemade beer is made from grains like maize, millet and sorghum.
- Their Climate also affect their cuisine, since the climate is varied and there are several biotopes, variations between regions are in accordance.
- Islam and Arabian cuisine have been used a lot and defined by South Sudan.
- They use spice and ingredients like turmeric, cumin, cardamom, coriander seeds, nutmeg, garlic, cloves and chili peppers.
- Trading also influence the cuisine of South Sudan, like Turkey, India and Britain.
- The typical African bases their typical meal on stiff starchy porridge and a meat and/or vegetable stew.
- Fish is not eaten in a lot of parts.
- Meat from camel, sheep goats cattle and chicken is in most frequent use.
- Lentisls, rice, red onions, peanuts, beans, carrots, sesame seeds and leaf vegetables are typical food receips in Sudanese food.
RECIPES IF YOU ARE INTERESTED (with parent permission of coarse):
- Kofta(spicy meatballs)
- Kisra(a very thin bread made with flour and water)
- Tamia (deep-fried chickpea balls)
- Jibna salata ( a tomato, cucumber, onion and feta cheese salad)
- Fuul (a stew with broad beans as main ingredient)
- Nyaba (a stew made with peanuts and leaf vegetables)
- Baseema (a sweet cake made with yogurt, coconut and lemon juice)
- Shaaria ( a dessert made with noodles, sesame oil, sugar and butter)
Health System- Aleesha
Sadly, being it's own country has not benefited the health system:
- Is one of the most least developed place in the world. So as you can probably guess, they do not have nearly as much a resources in South Sudan, like they have here.
- Has the worst maternal mortality rate 112 per 1,000.
- More than half of the population does not have access to safe drinking.
- One in five use a health care facility in their lives.
- A fifteen year old has higher chance of dying in childbirth than completing school.
- There were only three surgeons serving southern Sudan, with three proper hospitals, and in some areas there was just one doctor for every 500,000 people
- Has a health system structured with three tiers; Primary Health Care Units (PHCU), Primary Health Care Centers (PHCC) and Hospitals (which exist as either state, county, police or military)
- Most of the people in south sudan can not afford to go to a health care center
- International Medical Corps provided basic primary health care to over 745,000 refugees, returnees, and other vulnerable South Sudanese by 48 primary health care facilities
- ”The government hospitals lack virtually everything, including diagnostic equipment, which the government should be able to purchase with the kind of money they have been wasting” -Patient
History- Philip Sowders
- Conquered in 1874 by Egypt
- Britain and Egypt ruled South Sudan together.
- In the early 20th century, christian missionaries introduced christianity and english to the South Sudan region.
- In 1953 Sudan obtained the ability to govern itself.
- However in 1955 a civil war broke out between the North and the South.
- This war lasted until 1972 and ended with the Addis Ababa Agreement.
- In 1983 another civil war broke out after the president at the time, Gaafar Mohamed Nimieri ended the Agreement and imposed Islamic rule on South Sudan.
- In 2002 a ceasefire was called and negotiations began.
- Even though a ceasefire was called there was still fighting.
- In 2005 a peace agreement was created, officially ending the war, however fighting continued on a smaller level.
- In 2011 a referendum to become a separate country passed with a 98.8% majority.
- There is still conflict over the nations prosperous oil fields as well as the region of Abyei, which lies between the North and the South.
- In 2011, it is estimated that more than eighty percent of the South Sudanese population cannot read or write
- Particularly severe for female children
- Women, from the age of child bearing age, they are more often than not bearing a child
- Only one schoolchild in four is a girl who is educated enough to write and read
- 800 primary schools
- There is a shortage of post- secondary school (university)
- South Sudan has twelve universities of which seven are public and five are private
- Twenty-five thousand students have registered at the five public universities
- This country is now fighting against the spread of HIV/AIDS
- Among pregnant women, the HIV rate was then about 3 percent
- A lot of women and men do not even KNOW about HIV/AIDS.