Amendments

By Terikah Evans

The 5th Amendment ¨Rights of persons¨

Synopsis


The 5th Amendment provides basic rights to all citizens accused of a crime and provides government with the power to seize property for the public good as long as they compensate. In this article we learn about the history of the amendment's different clauses and discuss Court cases that have relied upon it.

Where did the amendment originate?

The Fifth Amendment was introduced as a part of the Bill of Rights into the United States Constitution on September 5, 1789 and was voted for by ¾ of the states on December 15, 1791. The Fifth Amendment was introduced into the Constitution by James Madison.

What was happening in American Society at the time?

During the “McCarthy hearings” of the 1950s, the government investigated American society and industry in an attempt to root out communist sympathizers. Among those investigated were scientists and scholars, who were called upon to appear before the committee to answer questions concerning their political affiliations. Some refused to testify, citing the Fifth Amendment. Rose Russell, a member of the Teachers Union of the City of New York, considered invoking of the Fifth Amendment in a letter to famous physicist and avowed socialist Albert Einstein in 1953.

Why did you choose this amendment?

I chose this amendment because if i'm in court and i'm getting questioned incriminated questions this amendment will allow me not to answer them.

do you agree with this amendment?

YES!

what group of people (if any) would disagree with your amendment?

Judges, Defenders, Protestors. Etc

The 17th Amendment "Direct election of senators"

Synopsis

The 17th Amendment redefined the rules about how senators are elected. This debated amendment came after the Senate was accused of vast corruption. Read about the amendment's history and how it is still controversial today.

Where did the amendment come from?

It was passed by Congress.

What was happening in American Society?

In 1911, the House of Representatives passed House Joint Resolution 39 proposing a constitutional amendment for direct election of senators. However, it included a “race rider” meant to bar Federal intervention in cases of racial discrimination among voters. A substitute amendment by Senator Joseph L. Bristow removed the “race rider.” The amended Joint Resolution was adopted by the Senate on a close vote in May of 1911. Over a year later, the House accepted the change, and the amendment was sent to the states for ratification. On April 8, 1913, three-quarters of the states had ratified the proposed amendment, and it was officially included as the 17th Amendment.

Why did you choose this amendment ?

I chose this amendment because The 17th Amendment is perhaps the most significant change in the American electoral system brought about through amending the Constitution. It changed the theory about who senators represented, shifting the focus from state governments, to the residents of states.

Do you agree with this amendment?

NO!

What group of people (if any) would disagree with your amendment?

the society, senators, and etc.

22nd Amendment

Synopsis

The 22nd amendment limits the president to only two 4 year terms in office.

Where did the amendment originate?

This amendment came into effect when a President died in his 3rd term of office and they thought this was too much.

Do you agree with this amendment?

NO! this is not enough time to get their ideas in to full effect.

What group of people (if any) would disagree with your amendment?

Presidents, Presidents Families, and Etc.